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Contemporary art

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art

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Rusty Peters


1935 -

Language group

Gija, Kimberley region


Rusty Peters, like many East Kimberley painters, spent his youth working as a stockman on cattle stations throughout the Kimberley, and earned a reputation as an accomplished horse breaker. Along with other Gija community elders, Peters was influential in establishing the Ngalangangpum bicultural school – the first school at the main Gija community Warmun (Turkey Creek) – ensuring that instruction in Gija law and culture was prominent in the curriculum.

In 1989, Peters moved to Kununurra, where he worked as an assistant at Waringarri Aboriginal Arts, a community owned Aboriginal art cooperative. He often worked closely with Rover Thomas, the East Kimberley's most renowned painter and a co-founder of the regional contemporary painting movement. Although Peters occasionally produced small canvases during this period, he did not begin painting in earnest until 1998, after he had left Waringarri to join the newly founded Jirrawun Aboriginal Arts. Since then he has had a series of successful group and solo exhibitions, including the 2000-02 travelling exhibition 'Two Laws ... One Big Spirit', in which he collaborated with artist Peter Adsett.

In his most ambitious canvas to date, the immense, twelve-metre long 'Waterbrain', 2002, Peters departs from the specific themes of country and Ngarrangkarni that normally form the focus of East Kimberley painting. Instead, he chooses to explore the cycle of life and learning that is universal to all peoples. Read from left to right, the canvas presents a chronology of the process of birth, growth and learning from conception to adulthood. At the lower left are waterweeds among which, according to Gija belief, the spirits of unborn children reside before entering the mothers womb to become the spirits of human beings. The next panels deal with birth and infancy, when a child moves from crawling, to walking, to running, although his or her brain has yet to begin to absorb the teachings of his or her culture. The large circular motif at the centre shows the adult brain – the child has grown up and is beginning to have his or her own ideas. The next panels deal with the education that transforms a child into a full member of adult society. As a symbol of the culmination of the individual's education. in the final panels Peters depicts the artefacts his elders taught him to make and which, before the coming of European settlers, all Gija men needed to know how to create in order to survive.

Eric Kjellgren in 'Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia', Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2004

© Art Gallery of New South Wales





Media category


Materials used

natural pigments on linen canvas


eight panels: 180.0 x 150.0 cm each panel; 180.0 x 1200.0 cm overall :

0 - Whole, 180 x 1200 cm, overall

Each part, 180 x 150 cm, each panel


Purchased 2002


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Rusty Peters

Artist profile

Works in the collection



Where the work was made
Warmun (Turkey Creek)

Shown in 4 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 6 publications


Art Gallery of New South Wales, Art Gallery of New South Wales Annual Report 2002, 'Year in review', pg. 8-25, Sydney, 2002, 9.

Jeremy Eccles, Art Monthly Australia, 'art + soul', pg. 42-43, Canberra, Nov 2010, 42. Book review.

Tim Flannery, The Pool, 'The giving of life', pg. 12-27, Red Hill, 2016, 26-27 (colour illus.).

Eric Kjellgren, Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia, 'Rusty Peters', pg. 118, Sydney, 2004, 118-119 (colour illus.), 119 (colour illus., detail).

Hetti Perkins, Art + soul: a journey into the world of Aboriginal art, 'Bitter + Sweet', pg. 174-239, Carlton, 2010, 196-197 (colour illus.), 281.

Ken Watson, One sun one moon: Aboriginal art in Australia, 'Poetic justice: An overview of Indigenous art', pg. 17-27, Sydney, 2007, 26-27 (colour illus.).