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S.M.S. No.3

Jun 1968


Various Artists

The Letter Edged in Black Press Inc.

United States of America


Artist, dealer, collector and patron, William Copley became involved with art in the mid 1940s when he met John Ployart, who became his brother-in-law and partner in a short-lived gallery in Beverley Hills. Exhibiting the work of the surrealists, who were just beginning to exhibit in New York – René Magritte, Yves Tanguy, Joseph Cornell, Man Ray, Roberto Matta and Max Ernst among others – the gallery sold only two paintings and closed after six months. Copley moved to Paris, where he worked as an artist before he returned to the United States in the early 60s and settled in New York.

Inspired by Marcel Duchamp’s reproductions and multiples of ‘La boite-en-valise’ (the box in a suit-case) 1934–41, Copley set out to produce a new form of art journal in 1966. He invited a diverse range of artists, writers and musicians to submit a work of art that would be reproduced and included, without comment, in a boxed collection that was available by mail order subscription with an edition of 2000. The deliberately ambiguous title ‘S.M.S.’, which was a private joke between Copley and his lawyer, stood for ‘Shit must stop’.

Although decidedly utopian in concept and lasting only six issues, the publication included contributions from Copley’s surrealist friends and representatives from almost every art movement that was vying for public attention at that time: the Fluxus artists, pop artists, minimalist artists, colour field artists, conceptual artists and even the work of Congo the chimpanzee, whose paintings were introduced to the art world by the writer Desmond Morris and were the subject of hilarious debate concerning the validity of abstract art. As the title implied, ‘S.M.S.’ was a reaction against the elitism of the art world in which reputations were made and destroyed by a small clique of dealers, critics and curators. It was the initiative of an artist idealistically striving to provide artists with direct access to a public audience. Contributors, regardless of their current reputation, were paid a standard fee of $100. Their contribution could be any size or form they wished as long as it could be folded down and packaged within a standard carton.

© Art Gallery of New South Wales Contemporary Collection Handbook, 2006


Other Title

SMS #3


Jun 1968

Materials used

portfolio of twelve mixed media works




12 works: dimensions variable :

a - William Bryant (USA b1946) - 'Clouds' 1968 - 9 off; 22.7 x 31.2 cm; each sheet

b - Dick Higgins (England/ USA 1938-1998) - 'Ode to Lo; 27.6 x 17.5 cm; sheet

c - Man Ray (USA 1890-1976) - 'The father of Mona Lisa; 27.1 x 17.5 cm; sheet

d - Ronnie Landfield (USA b1947) - 'Two drawings' 1967; 27.6 x 17.6 cm; each sheet

e - Roland Penrose (England 1900-84) - 'Bush in hand' ; 27.4 x 17.6 cm; overall [irreg.]

f - Hannah Weiner (USA 1928-97) - 'Signal flag poems' ; 19.7 x 17.1 cm; each leaf

g - Aftograf (Russia/ USA active 1960s) - 'Poems' 1965; 14 x 20.4 cm; each book

h - Enrico Baj (Italy 1924-2003) - 'Glove' 1968 - synt; 26.6 x 17.2 cm; cover

i - Joseph Kosuth (USA b1945) - 'Four Abstracts' 1968 ; 13 x 13 cm; each sheet [folded]

i - Joseph Kosuth (USA b1945) - 'Four Abstracts' 1968 ; 50.5 x 50.5 cm; each sheet [open]

i - Joseph Kosuth (USA b1945) - 'Four Abstracts' 1968 ; 26.2 x 27 cm; envelope [closed]

j - Horace Westerman (USA 1922-81) - 'Correspondence' ; 9.9 x 19 cm; envelope [small]

j - Horace Westerman (USA 1922-81) - 'Correspondence' ; 10.6 x 24.1 cm; each envelope [3 large]

k - Terry Riley (USA b.1935) - 'Poppy Nogood's All nig; 13.2 x 13.2 x 1.4 cm; box

l - John Battan (USA 1943-76) - 'Untitled abstract lan; 35 x 51 cm; cover [open]

Signature & date

Signed and dated upper verso [c], [inscribed on screen] ".../ Man Ray 1967".
Signed and dated l.r. sheet 1 [d], [inscribed on screen] "Ronnie Landfield 1967".
Signed and dated l.r. sheet 2 [d], [inscribed on screen] "Ronnie Landfield '67".
Signed and dated lower edge [e], [inscribed on screen] "... 21.2.68 ROLAND PENROSE".
Signed u.l. each envelope [j], [inscribed on screen] "H.C. Westermann/...". Not dated.


Purchased 1995


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Various Artists

Works in the collection


Artist information

The Letter Edged in Black Press Inc.

Works in the collection


Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history

Referenced in 1 publication


Michael Wardell, Contemporary: Art Gallery of New South Wales Contemporary Collection, 'Ideas and actions', pg.60-107, Sydney, 2006, 98 (colour illus.).