Milford Sound, New Zealand
Eugene von Guérard
England, Australia, Germany, Austria
17 Nov 1811 - 17 Apr 1901
'Milford Sound' is ranked highly among Eugene von Guérard’s sublime Romantic interpretations of the landscape. The spectacular fiord in New Zealand’s South Island held a strong appeal for the artist. Encompassing the view to the north-west, seen from the head of Milford Sound, the painting also depicts the vessel on which von Guérard had travelled to the fiord, at anchor below Cascade Peak.
Produced in his Melbourne studio, 'Milford Sound' was worked up from numerous earlier drawings made on the spot. The painting is broadly faithful to these sketches, in accordance with an approach grounded in the principles of German Romanticism.
The richly decorated 19th-century frame was made by Isaac Whitehead, the most prominent frame-maker in Melbourne throughout the 1860s and 1870s.
Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls on the west coast of Middle Island, New Zealand
Mitre Peak, Milford Sound. Southern Island, New Zealand
oil on canvas
99.2 x 176.0 cm stretcher; 137.5 x 213.5 x 14.0 cm frame
Signature & date
Signed and dated l.r., red/brown oil "J: Eugene von Guérard/ 1877.9.".
Where the work was made
Referenced in 65 publications
Pat Baskett., The New Zealand herald, 'Duelling artists', Auckland, 13 May 1997. Dream Collectors exhibition publicity
J.A. Blaikie, The magazine of art, 'Art in New Zealand', pg. 32-36, London, 1887, 32 (illus.), 35. titled 'Milford Sound'
Tim Bonyhady, Eugene von Guérard: nature revealed, 'The tipping point', pg. 36-41, Melbourne, 2011, 41, 262, 264 (colour illus.), 265, 296.
Mary Eagle, A story of Australian painting, 'God in nature: portraying the country', pg. 52-70, Sydney, 1994, 56.
Mary Eagle, The Age, 'The man who preceded the Heidelberg School', pg. 8, Melbourne, 24 Dec 1980, 8. Review of von Guerard exhibition
James Fairfax., The Sydney Morning Herald, 'Significant place of Von Guerard', Sydney, 07 Jun 1980. Review of von Guerard exhibition
Simon Gregg, New romantics: darkness and light in Australian art, 'The glacial', pg. 96-129, North Melbourne, 2011, 109, 110 (colour illus.), 111.
Camille Guy, The New Zealand herald, 'Spanning the centuries', pg. 6, Auckland, 27 Mar 1990, 6 (illus.). Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.
David Hansen, Art & Australia, 'Eugene von Guérard: Nature Revealed', pg. 674-675, Sydney, Winter 2012, 675 (colour illus.).
Helen Verity Hewitt, Art and Australia (Vol. 36, No. 2), 'Patrick White's Choice', pg. 244-250, Sydney, 1998, 248.
Simon Ives, Artist profile [issue 16], 'Painting restoration', pg. 108-110, Sydney, 2011, 108-109 (colour illus.), 110.
Christopher Johnstone, Landscape paintings of New Zealand, 'Preface to the expanded edition', pg. 7-8, Auckland, 2013, 7, 276, 277 (colour illus.).
Julie King, Art New Zealand, 'Displaying Our Dreams: Te Papa's Dream Collectors', pg. 70-73, Auckland, Winter 1999, 71. Review of Dream Collectors exhibition
Jack Leigh., The New Zealand herald, 'Vista embrace two centuries', Auckland, Feb 1990. Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.
Ian Lochhead., The Press, 'Art review: N.Z. landscape art', Christchurch, 14 Apr 1990. Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.
Patricia McDonald, Sydney International Exhibition 1879: An exhibition celebrating the centenary of the Sydney International Exhibition, 'Art at the Garden Palace', pg. 25-29, Sydney, 1979, 41. titled 'Milford Sound, New Zealand'
Ruth Pullin, The journal of New Zealand art history, 'Eugéne von Guérard and the Geognostic Landscape of New Zealand', pg. 1-16, Dunedin, 2009, 10,11 (colour illus.), 12, 14.
Ruth Pullin, Turner to Monet: the triumph of landscape painting, 'Eugene von Guérard', pg. 164, Canberra, 2008, 164, 165 (colour illus.). cat.no. 58
Anne Ryan, Australian art: in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Colonial eyes', pg. 17-36, Sydney, 2000, 18, 32 (colour illus.), 300.
Peter Shaw, Metro, 'Lively arts: back to the land', pg. 156-157, Auckland, Feb 1990, 157. Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.
Werner Sommer, Orient & Occident: travelling 19th century Austrian painters, 'In "Terra Australis": Austrian Artists in Australia', pg. 235-241, Vienna, Jun 2012, 239, 240 (colour illus.). fig.no. 6
Keith Stewart, Listener & Tv Times, 'Sweeping panorama', pg. 102-105, Auckland, 02 Apr 1990, 105. Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.
Mark Stocker, The Burlington Magazine, 'Exhibition reviews: Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch New Zealand Art', pg. 441-442, London, Jun 1990, 441.
Imants Tillers (Artist), Imant Tillers: one world many visions, 'Bringing the periphery centre stage', pg. 33-34, Canberra, 2006, 33 (colour illus.).
Ian Wedde., Dream Collectors: One hundred years of art in New Zealand, 'Collecting Dreams', Wellington, 1998, 17, 32, 33 (colour illus.).
Pacific parallels: artists and the landscape in New Zealand, Washington D.C., 1991, 25, 26, 27, 78 (colour illus.), 164. titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls on the West Coast of the Middle Island, New Zealand'
Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art, Auckland, 1990, 41, 42 (colour illus.). titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls on the West Coast of Middle Island, New Zealand'
Images in opposition: Australian landscape painting 1801–1890, Melbourne, 1985, 79, 80, 81.
Eugene von Guérard: A German Romantic in the Antipodes, Martinborough, 1982, 50, 158, 172, 267, 268 (colour illus.), 269, 270. cat.no. 157; plate no 45; titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls'; dated 1877; Private Collection
Patrick White's Choice, Sydney, Dec 1981. cat.no. 1; titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bower Falls on the west coast of Middle Island, New Zealand'
Friends Newsletter (issue 26), 'Dream Collectors: 100 years of art in New Zealand', Wellington, Feb 1998. Review of Dream Collectors exhibition
Eugen von Guérard, Canberra, 1980, 76 (colour illus.), 77 (colour illus., detail), 90, 117 (illus.). titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bower Falls on the west coast of Middle Island, New Zealand'
Evening post, 'A collection of visions', Wellington, 10 Feb 1998, 12. Review of Dream Collectors exhibition
Australian art in the 1870s, 'Introduction', pg.4-6, Sydney, 1976, 18. cat.no. 34; titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls on the West Coast of Middle Island, New Zealand'
Fiordland explored: an illustrated history, 'Chapter 7: Milford Sound', Wellington, 1976. General reference
Eugen von Guérard's Australian Landscapes, Melbourne, 1975, 32.
Handbook to the Fiordland National Park, 'History'; 'Development'; 'Tourists in the park' and 'Fiordland from the Sea', New Zealand, 1973. General reference
Art Gallery of New South Wales picturebook, Sydney, 1972, 71 (colour illus.). titled 'Milford Sound, New Zealand'
Sale Catalogue, 06 Mar 1970, 57, 58 (colour illus.). lot no. 95; titled 'Milford Sound, Sound Island, New Zealand'
An encyclopaedia of New Zealand, Wellington, 1966, 48A, 555, 574, 575. General reference of region
Possessions: indigenous art / colonial culture, 'Landscapes', pg. 50-93, London, 1999, 81 (illus.), 294. illus.no. 38
The Argus, 'The November Magazines. No. II.', pg. 7, Melbourne, 03 Jan 1887, 7. Review of J.A. Blaikie's article 'Art in New Zealand' in The Magazine of Art 1887.
Colonial and Indian exhibition, London, 1886: catalogue of New Zealand exhibits., London, 1886, 3. titled 'Milford Sound'; Collection F.G. Dalgety, Esq; Section New Zealand Group, Works of Art, Class 1.
The Argus, 'The pictures which have gained awards', pg. 7, Melbourne, 16 Mar 1881, 7. Fourth Order of Merit - E. von Guerard, "Milford Sound".
The Argus, 'Melbourne International Exhibition awards', pg. 6, Melbourne, 04 May 1881, 6. II. - E. von Guerard - Milford Sound, N.Z.
The Sydney Morning Herald, 'The Exhibition', pg. 7, Sydney, 11 May 1880, 7. Victoria: Von E. Guerard, "Milford Sound, New Zealand"- extra first.
The Argus, 'Sydney Exhibition awards (by electric telegraph)’, pg. 5, Melbourne, 19 Apr 1880, 5.
Melbourne International Exhibition 1880: The official catalogue of the exhibits with introductory notices of the countries exhibiting., Melbourne, 1880. cat.no. 85; titled 'Milford Sound, New Zealand'; Section Class 1 - oil paintings. Awarded Second Order of Merit.
Author Unknown, New Zealand Mail, 06 Dec 1879.
Sydney International Exhibition: Official catalogue of exhibits, Sydney, 1879, 467. cat.no. 306; titled 'Milford Sound, with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls'. Awarded a First Degree of Merit Special for Landscape Painting.
Paris Universal Exposition of 1878: Catalogue of the British Colonies, 'Victoria', pg. 109-134, London, 1878, 108. cat.no. 1
Victorian men of the time, Melbourne, 1877, 75.
The seventh exhibition of the Victorian Academy of Arts, Melbourne, 1877, 6. cat.no. 42; titled 'Milford Sound, with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls'
The Australasian, 'Fine arts. The Academy of Arts exhibition.', pg. 7, Melbourne, 24 Mar 1877, 7.
The Australasian Sketcher: with Pen and Pencil, 'Facts & scraps', pg. 171-174, Melbourne, 20 Jan 1877, 174. Article quotes passage from The Argus, January 2nd 1887, pg. 4.
Bendigo Advertiser, 'Melbourne', pg. 2, Bendigo, 19 Mar 1877, 2.
The Argus, 'The Academy of Arts exhibition', pg. 8, Melbourne, 17 Mar 1877, 8.
Argus, Melbourne, 18 May 1878, 4.
Otago daily times, 'The Otago's trip to Milford Sound', Dunedin, 28 Jan 1876.
Age, 'A holiday excursion to New Zealand', Melbourne, 23 Jan 1875. General reference
Senior artwise: visual arts 11-12, 'Eugène von Guérard', pg. 3-10, Milton, 2000, 4 (illus.), 5, 10. plate no. 1.2
Patrick White, painter, manqué: paintings, painters and their influence on his writing, 'Patrick White's choice', pg. 114-119, Carlton, 2002, 117.
A concise history of New Zealand painting, Auckland, 1991, 4, 19, 20, 21 (colour illus.). plate no. 8; titled 'Milford Sound, New Zealand'
Art of Australia. Vol 1: Exploration to Federation, 'The mania and force of the stream', pg. 149-224, Sydney, 2008, 202-203 (colour illus.).