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Contemporary art

Western art

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Steel-copper plain



Carl Andre

United States of America

16 Sep 1935 -


Carl Andre nearly always works in a grid, with the dimensions of his finished works determined by multiples of a basic module – such as a brick, metal plate or house beam. The shape of each work depends entirely on the number and configuration of modules. The works are often laid out on the floor like carpet and can in fact be walked on. Although not site-specific, the works emphasise and respond to the planes of the space they occupy. While the minimalist use of industrial materials on a grand scale is often regarded as overtly masculine and assertive, Andre’s work, in contrast, is modest and quietly poetic.




Media categories

Sculpture , Installation

Materials used

steel and copper


36 units: 1.0 x 30.5 x 30.5 cm each; 1.0 x 183.5 x 183.5 cm overall installed

Signature & date

Signed and dated l.l. certificate of authenticity, black fibre-tipped pen ".../ 1969/ @ [artist's monagram]".


John Kaldor Family Collection


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Carl Andre

Works in the collection


Shown in 6 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 6 publications


Nicholas Baume, From Christo and Jeanne-Claude to Jeff Koons: John Kaldor art projects and collection, Sydney, 1995, 45 (colour illus.), 82.

Anthony Bond, John Kaldor family collection: Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'The minimal edge, Frank Stella, Carl Andre, Donald Judd', pg.78-99, Sydney, 2011, 89 (colour illus.), 90-91 (colour illus.). illustration on page 89 is a detail

Charlotte Day, Reinventing the wheel: the readymade century, 'Introduction', pg.85-88, Melbourne, 2013, 40 (colour illus.), 86.

Adam Free, Journey to now: John Kaldor art projects and collection, Adelaide, 2003, 60.

Haags Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag and Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Carl Andre, The Hague, 1987, 46.

Whitechapel Art Gallery, Carl Andre: sculpture 1959-1978, London, 1978, (colour illus.)., as 'Copper Steel Plain'. Illustrations are installation views