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Contemporary art

Western art

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Carl Andre

United States of America

16 Sep 1935 -


During the 1960s and 1970s, Carl Andre produced a number of sculptures which are now counted as among the most innovative of his generation. Along with figures such as Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Dan Flavin, Eva Hesse and Robert Morris, Andre played a central role in defining the nature of Minimal Art. His most significant contribution was to distance sculpture from processes of carving, modelling, or constructing, and to make works that simply involved sorting and placing. Before him, few had imagined that sculpture could consist of ordinary, factory-finished raw materials, arranged into straightforward configurations and set directly on the ground.

Andre nearly always works in a grid, with the dimensions of his finished works determined by multiples of a basic module – such as a brick, metal plate or house beam. The shape of each work depends entirely on the number and configuration of modules. The works are often laid out on the floor like carpet and can in fact be walked on. Although not site-specific, the works emphasise and respond to the planes of the space they occupy. While the minimalist use of industrial materials on a grand scale is often regarded as overtly masculine and assertive, Andre’s work, in contrast, is modest and quietly poetic.




Media categories

Sculpture , Installation

Materials used

hot-rolled steel


1.0 x 570.0 x 570.0 cm overall installed :

a-kk - 37 parts, 1 x 30 x 30 cm, each

Signature & date

Signed and dated l.l. certificate of authenticity, black fibre-tipped pen ".../ 1981/ @ [artist's monagram] carl andre".


Gift of the John Kaldor Family Collection 2011. Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Carl Andre

Works in the collection


Shown in 5 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 4 publications


Nicholas Baume, From Christo and Jeanne-Claude to Jeff Koons: John Kaldor art projects and collection, Sydney, 1995, 82.

Anthony Bond, John Kaldor family collection: Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'The minimal edge, Frank Stella, Carl Andre, Donald Judd', pg.78-99, Sydney, 2011, 81 (colour illus.), 94-95 (colour illus.). illustration on page 81 is a detail

Sue Cramer (Curator), Less is more: minimal + post-minimal art in Australia, Bulleen, 2012, 8-9 (colour illus.).

Haags Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag and Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Carl Andre, The Hague, 1987, 138.