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Contemporary art

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art

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Untitled (Old Bedford)



Paddy Bedford


circa 1922 - 14 Jul 2007

Language group

Gija, Kimberley region


A senior Gija lawman and a highly important figure within contemporary East Kimberley painting, Paddy Bedford was born on Bedford Downs Station southwest of Warmun (Turkey Creek), Western Australia. Bedford spent his youth working in the dry season as a stockman on cattle stations in or near his traditional country, including Greenvale, Bow River and Bedford Downs. Like other Aboriginal stockworkers, in the wet season he lived off the land, learning Gija culture and law and developing a reputation as an accomplished spear and boomerang fighter. In his later years Bedford moved to the main Gija community of Warmun. For most of his life, his painting centered on the adornment of the human body, painting both himself and others for secret ceremonies and public performances. Ironically, Bedford's talents as a painter were only revealed in 1998, when an art dealer noticed a series of paintings Bedford had made on odd scraps of plywood and other salvaged materials. Originally bound for the town dump, the paintings were saved and Bedford was encouraged to try his hand at painting on canvas. Later that year he joined Jirrawun Aboriginal Arts, which was then forming at the community of Rugan (Crocodile Hole). Since then, Bedford has gone on to become one of the most renowned painters in the East Kimberley, and his work has featured in numerous solo and group exhibitions.

Bedford's spare compositions, with their large areas of monochrome ochre separated by subtly dotted lines, often resemble those of Warmun's most celebrated artist Rover Thomas. But, as is also true of Thomas's work, the apparent abstraction or minimalism of Bedford's canvases is superficial, covering a richly layered portrait of country, Ngarrangkarni and history, the significance of which is revealed through the accompanying narrative. 'Untitled (Emu)', 1999, illustrates both the seemingly abstract qualities of Bedford's painting style and the deep knowledge of Ngarrangkarni and country underlying it. At the lower left, the artist reveals the emu ancestor, who plays a prominent role in the series of sacred songs and associated country that the canvas portrays. Simultaneously 'abstract' to Western eyes and 'representational' to the painter, Bedford's work, like all East Kimberley painting, defies easy categorisation. it works in a distinctive way, simultaneously concealing and revealing the land, which sets it apart from Western landscape traditions.

[Eric Kjellgren in 'Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia', Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2004]


Other Title

Untitled (Red Butt)



Media category


Materials used

natural pigments on canvas


122.5 x 135.1 x 2.4 cm stretcher

Signature & date

Signed u.l. verso, black fibre-tipped pen "PB". Not dated.


Mollie Gowing Acquisition Fund for Contemporary Aboriginal Art 1999


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Paddy Bedford

Artist profile

Works in the collection



Where the work was made
Warmun (Turkey Creek)

Shown in 4 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 3 publications


Edmund Capon AM, OBE, Art Gallery of New South Wales: highlights from the collection, Sydney, 2008, 44, 45 (colour illus.).

Eric Kjellgren, Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia, 'Paddy Bedford', pg. 24, Sydney, 2004, 24, 25 (colour illus.).

Russell Storer, Paddy Bedford, Sydney, 2006, 145 (colour illus.). PB 2 1999.36