Ah Xian (also known as Liu Jixian) was born in Beijing in 1960, as a child he was an avid painter and became a professional artist at the age of twenty. In the early 1980’s he exhibited paintings twice at the National Art Gallery of China in Beijing, and also in New York and Paris. However, the cultural and political landscape of China was significantly changed in 1989 and Ah Xian took a new direction in regard to both the materiality and themes of his work. In the same year, he travelled to Australia to take up a residency at the Art School of the University of Tasmania. In the following years, he participated in a number of commercial shows, but it wasn’t until 1993 that he made his first major public appearance to an Australian audience through the seminal exhibition of Chinese Contemporary Art held at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Sydney. The show entitled, ' Mao Goes Pop, China post -1989' presented 5 works by Ah Xian among other artists who not only went on to become the vanguard of Chinese Contemporary art but are also part of the AGNSW collection, including Zhang Xiaogang and Xu Bing.
Whilst Ah Xian concedes that he had no conscious concept of the “bust” as a sculptural form until his experiences at the Sydney College of the Arts in 1998, the body as a site of cultural critique has long played a significant part in his work. In regard to his earlier work, one commentator remarked that they are a clear expression of Ah Xian’s personal anguish with the brutality of the 1989 events, “His use of the human body in his work is more concerned with the body as fragments rather than the body as whole. The cut is the result of stress on one or more parts in the body.”1. In this sense, the fragmented body in Ah Xian’s work can be understood as an allegory for the collapse of relations between the individual and the nation and one imagines that his feelings of alienation and separation were further exasperated by his immigration from China to Australia. It might be said that China remained a strong point of reference for Ah Xian and that his interest in renewing Chinese decorative forms and motifs in an Australian and contemporary context has been an integral part of a cathartic process for reconnecting with the country.
Jade, with its silken sheen, luminous translucency, fascinating texture and changing colours, fleshy polished smoothness, is much more than merely a supreme stone to Chinese people. The culture and philosophy associated with jade, which emerged in prehistoric periods thousands of years ago, have lasted throughout Chinese history. Jade was imbued with magical and protective power in Taoism, an indigenous religion of China. Jade is considered by many to be the nucleus and a hallmark of Chinese civilisation, occupying a pivotal position in the Chinese imagination. The belief that jade can make a person immortal not only led alchemists to create jade powder for consumption, but also the use of jade in burials to prevent the body from decay. At the height of this belief, during the Han dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE), elaborate jade suits were made from thousands of small finely polished plaques. These suits gave Ah Xian the inspiration to produce his jade bust.
1.Binghui Huangfu, 'Ah Xian, In & Out. Contemporary Chinese Art from China and Australia', Lasalle-SIA College of the Arts, Singapore, 14 May-22 June, 1997, p28.
Place where the work was made
45.5 x 45.5 x 28.0 cm
Signature & date
Signed and dated, verso, black marker, "Ah Xian, Human, Human- Jade Inlay Bust 1- Scales. 2002-2003"
Gift of Ah Xian 2014. Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural Gifts Program.
Not on display
© Ah Xian
Where the work was made
Shown in 2 exhibitions
- Queensland Art Gallery, South Brisbane 06 Dec 2003–07 Mar 2004
- Städtische Museen Heilbronn, Germany 27 Oct 2007–27 Jan 2008
- Kunsthalle Recklinghausen, Recklinghausen 17 Feb 2008–06 Apr 2008
- Haags Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag, The Hague 26 Apr 2008–07 Sep 2008
- Georg Kolbe Museum, Germany 21 Sep 2008–06 Nov 2008
- Herbert-Gerisch-Stiftung, Germany 30 Nov 2008–26 Apr 2009
Conversations through the Asian collections, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 25 Oct 2014–13 Mar 2016
Referenced in 4 publications
Melissa Chiu, Ah Xian: Skulpturen, Germany, 2007, 84-85 (colour).
Justin Paton, Look, Conversations. A new way to engage with the Gallery's Asian art, pg 22-13, Sydney, Oct 2014, 23.
Suhanya Raffel (Curator), Ah Xian, Brisbane, 2003, 42 (colour). This is image of the work as exhibited in 2003 before it was altered by the artist into its current iteration.
Cao Yin, Look, "Ah Xian: Betwixt East and West", pp 24- 27., Sydney, Feb 2015, 26 (colour illus.).