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Western art


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Balzac, towards the light, midnight 1908, from Camera Work, nos 34/35, 1911

printed 1911


Edward Steichen

Luxembourg, United States of America

27 Mar 1879 - 25 Mar 1973


Edward Steichen is acknowledged as one of the most significant pictorialists of the early 20th century. Along with Alfred Stieglitz, he was a founding member of the Photo-Secessionists and his work epitomises the exploration of the artistic and expressive possibilities of the photographic medium by this group. Steichen represented for Stieglitz the ideal of the ‘artist–photographer’, as one who used a formal training in art as a basis for developing a distinct photographic aesthetic. Armed from his artistic instruction with a painter’s sensibility, Steichen’s photography explored the atmospheric potential of light which was rendered as an expressive force through his impeccable technical command of the medium.

Steichen first met the sculptor Auguste Rodin in 1901 when he photographed the great master at his studio in Paris. Impressed with the evocative qualities of his work, Rodin asked Steichen to photograph his sculpture of the French writer Honoré de Balzac which, rejected by its commissioning body as being too controversial a portrait, stood in its original plaster form on the grounds of Rodin’s home. Accepting Rodin’s suggestion of photographing the work against a moonlit landscape, Steichen spent two nights making numerous exposures, studying the varying effects of the night’s sky on the figure. In ‘Balzac, towards the light, midnight’ Steichen powerfully re-creates the Balzac figure as a sleepless giant and a defiant presence in the expansively blackened landscape. With a symbolist’s drive for metaphor underlying his practice, Steichen aligns his sculpted subject with an image of the creative will of the sculptor himself.

© Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007



printed 1911

Media category


Materials used

photogravure, hand pulled


15.8 x 20.3 cm image; 20.8 x 30.2 cm sheet

Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Gift of the Peter Stuyvesant Foundation 1979


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Edward Steichen

Works in the collection


Shown in 8 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 4 publications


Terence Maloon, Paths to abstraction 1867-1917, Sydney, 2010, 101 (illus.).

Denise Mimmocchi, Photography: Art Gallery of New South Wales Collection, 'International pictorialism', pg.53-69, Sydney, 2007, 52 (illus.), 59, 63 (illus.).

Gael Newtown, Three years on: a selection of acquisitions 1978-1981, 'Photography - Australian, European and American', pg. 67-84, Sydney, 1981, 71. 9

Alfred Stieglitz (Editor), Camera Work, no 34/35, New York, 1911.