Known as the 'Diamond Claude' by virtue of its faceted format, this exquisite painting on copper is one of a clutch of such works executed by the celebrated classicist. Claude Gellée was born in Lorrain, but spent most of a productive life in his beloved Italy, especially Rome and its pastoral environs exemplified in the Campagna. Initially inspired by northern artists active in that city, Elsheimer and Bril for example, Claude became fluent in the idealising vocabulary of Bolognese painters such as Domenichino. Behind his Arcadian landscapes lay a reliance on forms and relationships found in nature, especially the varied effects of natural light which are his hallmark. 'Pastoral landscape', with its lakeside setting, predicts the great seaport subjects of his maturity - works that profoundly influenced the romantic Turner. Claude's wider influence on subsequent landscape traditions in Europe is inestimable.
AGNSW Handbook, 1999.
oil on copper
27.9 x 34.7 cm panel; 43.1 x 50.0 x 6.0 cm frame
Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Gift of James Fairfax AC 1992
Shown in 8 exhibitions
Exhibition of works by old masters, Royal Academy of Arts, London, Winter 1882–Winter 1882
Catalogue of the collection of pictures and drawings of the late Mr. George Salting, Agnew's, London, London, Jan 1910–Jan 1910
Paintings and drawings from Agew's, London, David Jones' Art Gallery, Sydney, Sydney, 28 Mar 1973–19 Apr 1973
'Private treasures': an exhibition of art from Australian private collectors covering a period of five centuries, David Jones' Art Gallery, Sydney, Sydney, 10 Jan 1978–21 Jan 1978
Claude Lorrain (1600-1682): an exhibition of paintings and drawings, partly from private collections, to mark the artist's tercentenary, Agnew's, London, London, 09 Nov 1982–10 Dec 1982
The James Fairfax collection of old masters, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 25 Apr 1992–14 Jun 1992
Great gifts, great patrons, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 17 Aug 1994–19 Oct 1994
The James Fairfax collection of old master paintings, drawings and prints, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 17 Apr 2003–20 Jul 2003
Count Carl Gustav Tessin, Sweden, Probably Count Carl Gustav Tessin, Swedish Ambassador to Paris 1739-43, and collector.
Samuel Woodburn, London/England, [dealer] his estate sale Christie's London, 15-19 and 23-25 May 1854, 7th day, 24 May 1854, lot no. 844, bought in, 460gn 'From the Swedish Minister's Collection'. His sale, Christie's London, 9 and 11 June 1860, 2nd day, lot no.136, purchased by Cockburn, 300gn. The price and buyer are recorded in an anotated copy of the sale catalogue in the National Gallery Library, London.
Cockburn, post 11 Jun 1860, Purchased at Christie's London, 11 June 1860, lot no. 136, 300gn. The price and buyer are recorded in an anotated copy of the sale catalogue in the National Gallery Library, London.
John Chapman Walker, circa 1882-1907, Whitby/England, by 1882, lent to 'Exhibition of Works by Old Masters' Royal Academy 1882
Agnew's, London, 1907-1908, London/England, Purchased by Agnew's from John Chapman Walker 1907
George Salting, 1908, London/England
Lady Binning, 1909-1952, England, by descent from George Salting to his niece Katherine Augusta Millicent Salting (only child of George Salting's brother William Severin Salting) who married George Baillie-Hamilton, Lord Binning (1856-1917).
George Baillie-Hamilton, 12th Earl of Haddington, 1952-29 Nov 1968, Scotland, by descent from Lady Binning to her son George Baillie-Hamilton, 12th Earl of Haddington, Mellerstain. Sold Christie's London, 29 November 1968, lot no. 74.
Agnew's, London, 29 Nov 1968-1973, London/England, Purchased by Agnew's at Christie's London, 29 November 1968, lot no. 74. Sold to James Fairfax 1973.
James Oswald Fairfax AC, 1973-09 Jul 1992, Bowral/New South Wales/Australia, Gift of James Fairfax 1992. Purchased by James Fairfax from Agnew's 1973.
Referenced in 25 publications
Richard Beresford, Look, 'Not only great art: fascinating stories discovered behind the works on show', pg.18-21, Sydney, Apr 2003, 20 (colour illus.).
Edmund Capon, Great philanthropists on trial : the art of the bequest, 'The James Fairfax collection', pg.126-135, Melbourne, 2006, 129 (colour illus.). fig.2
Renée Free, AGNSW Collections, 'The Western Heritage, Renaissance to Twentieth Century', pg. 108-172, Sydney, 1994, 118 (colour illus.).
Terry Ingram, The Australian Financial Review, 'Salting the wound: UK rejection leads to local hanging', pg.22, Sydney, 14 Sep 2006, 22.
Bruce James, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Western Collection: Paintings and Sculpture', pg. 17-77, Sydney, 1999, 27 (colour illus.).
Michael Kitson and Marcel Röthlisberger, The Burlington Magazine, 'Claude Lorrain and the Liber Veritatis', pg.23, London, Jan 1959, 23. note 39 as 'possibly autograph'
Maria Teresa Penta, Bollettino d'arte [vol. 78], 'Tobiolo e l'angelo: una proposta per Claude Lorrain', pg.39-48, Rome, 1993, 40, 46. note 11
Tout l'oeuvre peint de Claude Lorrain, Paris, 1986, 91, (illus.). no.61
Claude Lorrain (1600-1682): an exhibition of paintings and drawings, partly from private collections, to mark the artist's tercentenary, London, 1982, frontispiece (colour illus.), 6, 11. cat.no.1
A Dealer's record: Agnew's 1967-81, London, 1981, 108 (illus.).
The James Fairfax collection of old master paintings, drawings and prints, Sydney, 2003, 54 (colour illus.), 55-56, 57 (colour illus.). cat.no. 11, illustration on page 57 is a detail
L'opera completa di Claude Lorrain, Milan, 1975, 92. no. 63
Paintings and drawings from Agnew's, London, 1973, (illus.). cat.no.8
Claude Lorrain: the drawings, San Francisco, 1968, 116. under 126
Claude Lorrain: the paintings, London, 1961, vol. 1, 117-118; vol. 2, (illus.). no. LV11, plate 44
A century of loan exhibitions, 1813-1912, 5 vols, London, 1913-1915, vol.1, 1913: 179.
Catalogue of Mr Goerge Salting's collection of pictures, , 8. cat.no.207
Catalogue of the collection of pictures and drawings of the late Mr George Salting, London, 1910, 11. cat.no.207, Claude - 'River scene with cattle'
Exhibition of works by old masters, London, Winter 1882, 47. cat.no.226
Claude Lorrain, Liber veritatis, London, 1978, 58, (illus.). under no.11
Great gifts, great patrons: an exhibition celebrating private patronage of the Gallery, Sydney, 1994. no catalogue numbers
Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 'Chronique des Arts' suppliment, Unknown, Mar 1993, 30 (illus.). no. 146
Art Gallery of New South Wales Annual Report 1992 [for the year ended 30 June 1992], Sydney, 1992, frontispiece (colour illus.), 67.
The James Fairfax collection of old masters, Sydney, 1992. no catalogue numbers