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Australian art

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Tram kaleidoscope



Frank Hinder


26 Jun 1906 - 31 Dec 1992


Frank Hinder's 'Tram kaleidoscope' captures the essence of Sydney modernism. It synthesises elements of Cubism, Futurism and Orphism to form an ambitious statement of the city as a dynamic, living organism. The painting is fragmented and presents simultaneous views of the tram and the outside street. Time and space are no longer linear and discreet, they have become intrinsically intertwined. The chaos, however, is ordered and unified by a repetition of forms. The cylindrical tram, distant buildings, a zooming car and crowd of anonymous commuters are integrated harmoniously into the composition.

The Gallery owns a number studies for this work from 1939, though the painting itself was not undertaken until after the Second World War. These works highlight Hinder's role, together with other Sydney contemporaries, in forming a distinct, innovative artistic vision: a modern art for a modern metropolis.

From the Gallery Shop


Place where the work was made

Sydney New South Wales Australia



Media category


Materials used

tempera on hardboard


117.5 x 90.4 cm board; 144.5 x 116.6 x 9.3 cm frame

Signature & date

Signed and dated l.r., red tempera "F.C.HINDER/-48".


Purchased with funds provided by The Art Gallery Society of New South Wales 2013

Accession number


Sir John Sulman Prize

- 1948

Artist information

Frank Hinder

Artist profile

Works in the collection



Where the work was made

Shown in 4 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 17 publications


Hal Crawford (Editor in Chief),, 'Art Gallery NSW snaps up Grundy works', Sydney, 01 Jul 2013, n.pag.. viewed 01.07.2013,

Alexandra Djurichkovic., Australian art collector online, 'AGNSW reveals major new Australian acquisitions', Sydney, 03 Jul 2013, n.pag.. viewed 03.07.2013,

Steve Dow.,, 'Gasps as Art Gallery of NSW shells out millions on Brack', Sydney, 01 Jul 2013, n.pag.. viewed 01.07.2013,

Dinah Dysart, Art and Australia (Vol. 29, No. 3), 'A productive partnership: Frank and Margel Hinder interviewed', pg. 338-345, Sydney, Autumn 1992, 341 (colour illus.), 345.

Renée Free, Balson, Crowley, Fizelle, Hinder, Sydney, 1966, 17. 68

Renee Free, Look, 'Tram as art: analysis of a great painting', pg. 16-17, Sydney, Oct 2013, 16, 17 (colour illus.).

Renee Free, Important Australian art from the collection of Reg Grundy AC OBE and Joy Chambers-Grundy, 'Frank Hinder', pg. 62-65, Sydney, 2013, 62, 63 (colour illus.), 64, 65. 16; estimated price $100,000-150,000.

Renée Free, The art of Frank Hinder, Sydney, 2011, 115-116.

Renée Free, Frank and Margel Hinder 1930 - 1980, Sydney, 1980, 21, 50. 106

Terry Ingham.,, 'AGNSW makes big breakfast of Grundy', Armadale, 01 Jul 2013, n.pag.. viewed 02.07.2013,

Dr Cassi Plate., Sydney 6 - Hinders, Lewers, Plates: abstract artists, friends, partners, siblings, 1940s-1970s, 'The universal language of abstract art', Newcastle, 2015, n.pag.. general reference to Hinder's 'Tram kaleidoscope series'

Jeni Porter (Editor in Chief), The Australian Financial Review, 'Art Gallery of NSW gets back in the Brack', Melbourne, 04 Jul 2013, 18. author unknown

Katrina Strickland, The Australian Financial Review, 'Public galleries go for Grundys', pg. 3, Melbourne, 29 Jun 2013-30 Jun 2013, 3.

Jill Sykes (Editor), Look, Sydney, Sep 2014, 1 (colour illus., detail). advertisement for Bonhams auctioneers

Jill Sykes (Editor), Look, 'Frank Hinder to the fore', pg. 10, Sydney, Sep 2013, 10, 11.

David Thomas, Frank and Margel Hinder Retrospective, Newcastle, 1973. 22

Tammy Weller.,, 'Art Gallery of NSW acquires new Australian works', Australia, 02 Jul 2013, n.pag. (colour illus., detail). viewed 04.07.2013,