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Title

The quest

1910


Artist

Harold Cazneaux

New Zealand, Australia

30 Mar 1878 - 19 Jun 1953


About

The quest is a bromoil print of Cazneaux’s daughter, Rainbow, taken against the backdrop of a fruit tree. Cazneaux’s children feature often as the subjects of his photography, particularly those taken at home during the 1910s. This picture was resolved by the bromoil photographic process. A gelatin silver photograph is bleached and fixed, then soaked in water. A greasy ink is then applied and gradually built up to the required density 1.This finish is used to create the rich sepia tones seen in this portrait.
Harold Cazneaux was born in Wellington, New Zealand in 1878. His parents, Pierce Mott Cazneau and Emma Florence (née Bentley) worked in commercial studios in New Zealand before returning to settle permanently in Adelaide during the early 1890s. At the age of 18 Cazneaux went to work alongside his father at Hammer & Co studio as a retoucher. He moved to Sydney in 1904 to join the larger portrait firm, Freeman’s quickly ascending to the position of ‘chief operator’ (as camera portraitists were known). Studio work was highly formulaic, with little scope for creativity. Cazneaux used his time walking to and from work to experiment with pictorialist aesthetics 2. The Photographic Society of New South Wales organised an exhibition of Cazneaux’s photographs in 1909, the first such solo exhibition of its kind in Australia. In 1916 he and fellow pictorialist photographer, Cecil Bostock founded the Sydney Camera Circle. The group was particularly interested in the how pictorialism could be adapted to and extended within an Australian context. The mechanised, standardised and frenetic pace of Freeman’s increasingly took its toll on Cazneaux’s creativity and health, and he resigned in 1917. He moved with his wife and daughters to the Sydney suburb of Roseville, and in 1920 he was employed as the official photographer for The Home magazine. This new position let him work in a varied indoor and outdoor environments. In 1938 Cazneaux was awarded an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society of London. He continued to work until his death in 1953.
1. Baldwin G 1991, ‘Looking at photographs: a guide to technical terms’, J Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles pp 11-12
2. Newton G 1988, ‘Shades of Light: Photography and Australia 1839-1988’, Australian National Gallery, Canberra p 85


Details


Date

1910


Media category

Photograph


Materials used

bromoil photograph


Dimensions

22.6 x 17.6 cm image/sheet; 40.5 x 30.3 cm card


Signature & date

Signed l.r. card, pencil "H. Cazneaux". Not dated.


Credit

Gift of the Cazneaux family 1975


Location

Not on display


Accession number

169.1975


Artist information

Harold Cazneaux

Works in the collection

170


Shown in 4 exhibitions

Exhibition history


Referenced in 4 publications

Bibliography


Unknown, Harold Cazneaux: artist in photography, Sydney, 2008.

Project 7: Harold Cazneaux 1878 - 1953, Sydney, 1975. cat.no. 5

Gael Newton, Australian Pictorial Photography, Melbourne, 1979, 16. cat.no. 20

Unknown, The Cazneaux Women, 'A way of life and a way of art 1900s-1920s', pg. 34-45, St Leonards, 2000, 41, 58 (illus.). plate no. 10