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Old Bond Store, Sydney Harbour

circa 1906-circa 1910


Harold Cazneaux

New Zealand, Australia

30 Mar 1878 - 19 Jun 1953


Harold Cazneaux was born in Wellington, New Zealand in 1878. His parents, Pierce Mott Cazneau and Emma Florence (née Bentley) worked in commercial studios in New Zealand before returning to settle permanently in Adelaide during the early 1890s. At the age of 18 Cazneaux went to work alongside his father at Hammer & Co studio as a retoucher. He moved to Sydney in 1904 to join the larger portrait firm, Freeman’s quickly ascending to the position of ‘chief operator’ (as camera portraitists were known). Studio work was highly formulaic, with little scope for creativity. Cazneaux used his time walking to and from work to experiment with pictorialist aesthetics 1.
The Old Bond Store is a bromoil print which was created through an intervention in the photographic process. A gelatin silver photograph is bleached and fixed, then soaked in water. A greasy ink is then applied and gradually built up to the required density 2. Cazneaux, like other pictorialists, applied sepia inks to his work during this fiddly process in order to make the light and dark within his photographs more dynamic. He took many pictures around The Rocks when first arriving in Sydney, because the exteriors of the old buildings were luminous after being disinfected in the wake of a Plague outbreak during the first years of the twentieth century 3. This resulted in the facades of the terraces and wharf industries exuding a gleam not found elsewhere in Sydney. The image, although entitled The Old Bond Store, positions the object of the picture in the background placing significance on the Quay waterway and how the sunlight dances on its surface.
The Photographic Society of New South Wales organised an exhibition of Cazneaux’s photographs in 1909, the first such solo exhibition of its kind in Australia. In 1916 he and fellow pictorialist photographer, Cecil Bostock founded the Sydney Camera Circle. The group was particularly interested in the how pictorialism could be adapted to and extended within an Australian context. The mechanised, standardised and frenetic pace of Freeman’s increasingly took its toll on Cazneaux’s creativity and health, and he resigned in 1917. He moved with his wife and daughters to the Sydney suburb of Roseville, and in 1920 he was employed as the official photographer for The Home magazine. This new position let him work in a varied indoor and outdoor environments. In 1938 Cazneaux was awarded an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society of London. He continued to work until his death in 1953.
1. Newton G 1988, ‘Shades of Light: Photography and Australia 1839-1988’, Australian National Gallery, Canberra p 85
2. Baldwin G 1991, ‘Looking at photographs: a guide to technical terms’, J Paul Getty Museum, USA pp 11-12
3. Newton G 1988, ‘Shades of Light: Photography and Australia 1839-1988’, Australian National Gallery, Canberra p 87



circa 1906-circa 1910

Media category


Materials used

bromoil photograph


15.5 x 20.0 cm image/sheet

Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Gift of the Cazneaux family 2000


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Harold Cazneaux

Works in the collection


Shown in 2 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 2 publications


Natasha Bullock, Harold Cazneaux: artist in photography, Sydney, 2008.

Editor Unknown, Australia beautiful: the home pictorial annual, Sydney, 1928, (illus.).