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Australian art

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Australian beach pattern



Charles Meere


06 Dec 1890 - 17 Oct 1961


Charles Meere was one of a group of Sydney artists whose work modernised classical artistic traditions as a means of depicting national life during the inter-war period. The epitome of his vision is Australian beach pattern, a tableau of beach goers whose athletic perfection takes on monumental, heroic proportions. Meere created a crowded and complex composition through the pattern of figures, which appears as a still-life of suspended strength. This iconic painting encapsulates the myth of the healthy young nation symbolised by the tanned, god-like bodies of the sunbathers.

This work was a finalist in the 1940 Sulman Prize and was acquired by the Gallery in 1965.


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Other Title

Beach Pattern

Place where the work was made

Sydney New South Wales Australia



Media category


Materials used

oil on canvas


91.5 x 122.0 cm stretcher; 108.0 x 138.8 x 5.5 cm frame

Signature & date

Signed and dated l.r. corner, pencil "CHARLES MEERE 1940".


Purchased 1965

Accession number


Sir John Sulman Prize

- 1940

Artist information

Charles Meere

Works in the collection



Where the work was made

Shown in 13 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 54 publications


Christopher Allen, Art in Australia: from Colonization to Postmodernism, London, 1997, 94 (illus.), 96. 74

Jane Angus, Carolyn Glascodine, Marion Russell and Barbara Vaughan (Editors), Discovering Democracy, Middle Secondary Units, Carlton, 1998, 140 (illus.).

Bonhams Australia (Compilator), Important Australian art, 'Important Australian art: lots 1-41', pg. 6-74, Sydney, Aug 2014, 34. Related work: 'Australian beach pattern' c1940 by Charles Meere

Ian Burn, National life and landscape - Australian painting 1900-1940, Sydney, 1990, 178, 180 (colour illus.), 216. plate no. 140

Isobel Crombie, Body culture: Max Dupain, photography and Australian culture, 1919-1939, 'Laughing Gods in bathing costumes', pg. 176-191, Mulgrave, 2004, 188, 189 (colour illus.), 190.

Curriculum Corporation, Australian readers - Discovering Democracy - Middle Primary Collection, Carlton South, 1999, 27 (colour illus.).

Deutscher and Hackett, Melbourne (Compilator), Deutscher and Hackett fine art auction: Melbourne 26 November 2008, Woollahra, Nov 2008, 38, 39. Related work: 'Australian beach pattern' by Studio of Charles Meere, lot 18

Chris Deutscher, Australian modern masters and 19th & 20th century Australian and International Fine Art: Fine Art auction 3 & 4 May 2000, Melbourne, 2000, 100. reference to work in assocation with lot 62 'Bronte Beach'

Deutscher-Menzies Fine Art, The Sydney auction: Australian and International Art: Fine Art, 4 March 2003, Sydney, 2003, 48-49. Lot no. 29 is another, smaller version of the AGNSW painting.

Robert Drewe, The Bodysurfers, Victoria, 2008, front cover (colour illus., detail).

Joy Eadie, Art Monthly Australia, 'In time of war: Charles Meere's Australian beach pattern', pg. 26-31, Canberra, Dec 2005-Feb 2006, 26 (colour illus.), 27, 28, 29, 30, 31.

Joy Eadie, Discovering Charles Meere: Art and allusion, Braddon, 2017, cover (colour illus.) (detail), 7, 11, 35 (colour illus.), 36, 41-43 (colour illus.) (details), 44-46, 47 (colour illus.) (detail), 49 (colour illus.) (detail), 50-51, 58, 61, 96.

Deborah Edwards, Australian art: in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Classical allusions', pg. 135-136, Sydney, 2000, 135, 136, 138, 139 (colour illus.), 301.

Patrick Elliott and Sacha Llewellyn, True to life. British realist painting in the 1920s & 1930s, Edinburgh, 2017, 16 (colour illus.). [Fig. 11]

Don Featherstone (Director) and David Woodgate (Producer), The beach, Australia, 2000, 00:01.25 and 00:46.25 (colour, details).

Merryn Gates, Strike a pose: Hunter art.1 art tourist 2004, 'Putting you in the picture', pg. 8-16, Lake Macquarie, 2004, 13, 18.

James Gleeson, Sun, 'No warmth in Meere's paintings', pg. 17, Sydney, 21 Aug 1952, 17. NOTE: General review of Charles Meere exhibition held at David Jones Art Gallery 1952.

Harry Gordon, Olympic Opening Ceremony Sydney 2000, 'Sport ... a magnificent obsession', pg. 6-8, Sydney, 2000, 8 (colour illus.).

Deborah Hart, Australia, 'Australian landscape: pathways into the modern world 1920-50', pg. 184-225, London, 2013, 188, 189, 204, 205 (colour illus.). 139

Leone Huntsman, Sand in our souls, 'The achievement of freedom on the beach', pg. 68-81, Carlton South, 2001, 70, 71 (illus.).

Bruce James, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Australian Collection: Painting and Sculpture', pg. 102-181, Sydney, 1999, 147 (colour illus.).

Sandra Jane, Art is ... making, creating and appreciating 2, Milton, 1999, 114 (colour illus.).

Heather Johnson, Aspects of Art Deco in Australia: Sunrise over the Pacific, 'Art Deco art', pg. 96-105, Sydney, 2001, 98 (colour illus.), 100, back cover dust jacket (colour illus.). plate no. 113

Georges-Goulven Le Cam, L'Australie: Naissance d'une nation, 'D'une guerre à l'autre (1900-1950)', pg. 95-111, Rennes, 2000, 104 (colour illus.). plate no. 147

Anne Loxley, National Trust magazine [no. 41], 'Two styles from 1830's Sydney', pg. 17-18, Sydney, Sep 1987, 17, 18 (illus.).

Edward Lucie-Smith, Art deco painting, Oxford, 1990, 58, 102=103 (colour illus.), 104. plate no. 72

Susan McCulloch, Alan McCulloch and Emily McCulloch Childs, The new McCulloch's encyclopedia of Australian art, Carlton, 2006, 672 (colour illus.). Another version titled 'Australian Beach Pattern'; dated c.1938-1940; Courtesy estate of the artist and Deutscher Fine Art.

Steve Meacham., The Sydney Morning Herald, 'Bondi: A biography', Sydney, 26 Dec 2005, (colour illus.). Article located online.

Steve Meacham, The Sydney Morning Herald, 'Muse worthy', pg. 6, Sydney, 26 Dec 2005, 6 (illus.).

Steven Miller, Look, 'An artist for all seasons: Arthur Murch', pg. 14, Melbourne, Jul 2000, 14.

Denise Mimmocchi, Sydney moderns: art for a new world, 'Making Sydney modern: the artistic shaping of the postwar city', pg. 66-85, Sydney, 2013, 79, 183 (colour illus.), 314, 323.

Barry Pearce and Haruo Arikawa, Two hundred years of Australian painting: nature, people and art in the southern continent, Tokyo, 1992, 118 (colour illus.), 183. 67

Ursula Prunster, Aspects of Australian art, Sydney, 2000, (illus.). card no. 15: Anne Zahalka 'The bathers' 1989

John Rickard, Australia: A Cultural History, Clayton, 2017, 184 (illus.).

Robert Rosenblum, The beach, 'Art on the beach', pg. 8-14, Florida, 2002, 12, 13 (colour illus.).

Zoë Ross (Editor), Eyewitness travel guides: Australia, 'Introducing Sydney', pg. 56-69, London, 1998, 61 (colour illus.).

Kohinoor Sahota (Editor), Where London, 'Wizards of Oz', pg. 30, Augusta, Sep 2013, 30 (colour illus.). editor's pick

John Saxby, Look, 'A window opens on new stories about building the collection', pg. 26-28, Sydney, May 2015, 26.

S.H. Ervin Gallery (Organiser), Linda Slutzkin (Curator) and Dinah Dysart (Curator), Charles Meere 1980-1961, New South Wales, 1987, pg. 5. 10 (illus.), 6, 13.

John Slater, Through artists' eyes: Australian suburbs and their cities 1919-1945, 'From bread to circuses: people at leisure', pg. 101-124, Melbourne, 2004, x (colour illus., detail), xi, 118 (colour illus.), 130-131. 103

Linda Slutzkin, Creating Australia: 200 years of art 1788-1988, 'Spartans in Speedos', pg.176-177, Melbourne, 1988, 9, 176-177, 177 (colour illus.), 239, 246.

Linda Slutzkin, On the beach, Sydney, 1982, 18 (illus.). 13

Susannah Smith, Look, 'Australian guests: Australia at the Royal Academy of Arts, London', pg. 16-18, Sydney, Dec 2013-Jan 2014, 18.

Society of Artists (Organiser), Society of artists: Annual exhibition 1940, 1940. 52 as 'Beach pattern'

Graeme Sturgeon, Australia - the painter's vision, Kensington, 1987, 144, 145 (colour illus.), 202. plate no. 89

Richard Taylor, Bondi: a biography, 'An artists' paradise', pg. 4, Sydney, 2005, 4 (colour illus.).

Richard Taylor, Insites, 'Bondi', pg. 2-3, Glebe, Summer 2005, 3 (colour illus., detail).

Richard White, On holidays: a history of getting away in Australia, North Melbourne, 2005, front cover (cover illus., detail), back cover (colour illus.).

Donald Williams, Looking At Australia, Australia, 1997, 11, 23, 37, 111.

Donald Williams and Colin Simpson, Art now: contemporary art post - 1970, Sydney, 1994, 33 (illus.). fig. no. 2.10

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Sydney morning herald, 'Lively picture exhibition: Society of Artists. Three bought for Gallery', pg. 9, Sydney, 05 Sep 1940, 9.

Editor Unknown (Editor), Bulletin, 'Landscape Landscapes.', pg. 11, Sydney, 27 Aug 1952, 19. NOTE: General review of Charles Meere exhibition held at David Jones Art Gallery 1952.

Author Unknown, Wool in the Australian imagination, Glebe, 1994, (illus.).

Editor Unknown (Editor), Daily telegraph and daily news, 'Painting of Beach scene', pg. 5, Sydney, 21 Aug 1952, 5 (illus.). NOTE: Photo of Charles Meere infront of painting; General review of Charles Meere exhibition held at David Jones Art Gallery 1952.