The visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon
Sir Edward John Poynter
20 Mar 1836 - 26 Jul 1919
When contemplating this picture it is useful to bear in mind that the second half of the nineteenth century was a period remarkable for archaeological researches and discoveries, especially by English expeditions. The British Museum was a treasure house of antiquities increasingly valued by artists as a reference library. Egypt and the Middle East replaced Greece and Italy as the focus of curiosity. 'The visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon' can be contextualised against a craze for orientalist narratives in literature, music and visual art. The wildly composite architectural system of Solomon's temple is reprised in the frame, which bridges the temporal and spatial distance between viewer and subject. The artist has been so obsessed with the accuracy of his details, however, that the figures seem somewhat doll-like. Trained in Paris under Gleyre, Poynter was at heart a Salonist for whom artistry resided in weight of detail rather than dramatic synthesis.
AGNSW Handbook, 1999.
The Queen of Sheba before Soloman
oil on canvas
234.5 x 350.5 cm stretcher; 421.0 x 341.1 x 20.5 cm frame
Signature & date
Signed and dated l.r., brown oil "18 EJP [monogram] 90".
Shown in 7 exhibitions
The meeting of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba by Edward J. Poynter, R.A., Thomas McLean Gallery, London, 1890–1890
Unknown, Walker Gallery 1900, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 1900–1900
- Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney 20 Jun 1975–20 Jul 1975
- National Gallery of Victoria [St Kilda Road], Melbourne 12 Aug 1975–14 Sep 1975
- Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide 26 Sep 1975–26 Oct 1975
Orientalism - Delacroix to Klee, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 06 Dec 1997–22 Feb 1998
Pre-Raphaelites and Olympians. Selected works of Victorian art from the John and Julie Schaeffer and the Art Gallery of New South Wales collections, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 19 Apr 2001–09 Sep 2001
Love and death: art in the age of Queen Victoria, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 16 Mar 2002–12 May 2002
Unknown, Mansion House (Guildhall) one-picture exhibition by living artists in 1900, Mansion House, 1900?–1900?
Thomas McLean Gallery, London/England, Purchased by the AGNSW from Thomas McLean Gallery 1892. Purchased by Thomas McLean from the artist 1890.
Referenced in 142 publications
Roger Benjamin, Look, 'The Romance of Arabia – Orientalsim – Delacroix to Klee', Heidelberg, Dec 1997, pp 14–17: p 16.
R B, Archaeological Diggings, ‘Seeing the Queen of Sheba in Australia’, Hornsby, Aug 2002, p 20, col illus p 20.
one of his models (from the Pall Mall Budget)’, Sydney Morning Herald, ‘About Mr Poynter’s great picture, Sydney, 06 Aug 1892, p 5.
Edmund Capon, Great philanthropists on trial : the art of the bequest, ‘The James Fairfax collection', Melbourne, 2006, pp 126–35: p 134.
Jackie de Diana, Look, ‘Realism to surrealism: the Society’s art appreciation lecture series for 2014', Sydney, Nov 2013, pp 28–29: p 28.
Paula Dredge and Alan Lloyd, Paintings conservation in Australia from the nineteenth century to the present: connecting the past to the future: contributions to the eleventh AICCM paintings group symposium, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne 2008, ‘The sub-committee and the restorer: conservation at the National Art Gallery of NSW 1899–1910’, Canberra, 2008, pp 25–37: pp 26, 29–30, illus pp 34, 35. Detail from a photograph of 1900.
Caroline Dunant, Melodrama: stage, picture, screen, ‘Olympian dreamscapes: the photographic canvas: the wide-screen paintings of Leighton, Poynter and Alma-Tadema’, London, 1994, p 87, illus p 86.
Donato Esposito, British Museum Magazine, 'Inspired by Antiquity: Sir Edward Poynter and the British Museum', London, Spring 2002, pp 22–25: pp 24–25, col illus p 25.
Michele Field, Sydney Morning Herald, ‘London toasts Sheba, but she’s a Sydney girl’, Sydney, 13 Aug 2005, p 5, illus p 5. Gallery shot.
Cedric Flower, Bulletin, ‘Art: Victorians in NSW’, Sydney, 19 May 1972, pp 38–39, illus p 39 (detail).
Renée Free, AGNSW Collections, 'The Western Heritage, Renaissance to Twentieth Century', Sydney, 1994, p 133, col illus p 133.
Renée Free, Art and Australia, 'European collection', Sydney, Jul 1972, pp 63, 67, col illus p 70. Art Gallery of New South Wales special number.
Renée Free, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'European', Sydney, 1988, pp 43–44, col illus pp 46–47.
Doug Hall, Brought to Light: Australian Art 1850–1965 from the Queensland Art Gallery collection, 'Learning from the First Lesson: George Folingsby and Genre Painting. G.F. Folingsby The first lesson', Brisbane, 1998, pp 22–25: p 22.
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May L Manning, Magazine of Art, 'Art in Australia', London, 1895, pp 215–19: p 218.
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John McDonald, The Sydney Morning Herald, 'How the west was won over', Sydney, 20 Dec 1997, illus p 12. Appearing in the 'Spectrum' section of Sydney Morning Herald.
Cosmo Monkhouse, Easter Art Annual for 1897, ‘Sir Edward J Poynter, President of the Royal Academy: his life and work', London, 1897, pp 2, 23, 32, illus p 21. Preparatory drawings illus pp 1, 3. Extra number of the Art Journal.
William Moore, Studio, ‘The public art galleries of Australia’, London, Apr 1913, pp 202–13: p 210.
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Peter Raissis, Look, 'Rehanging the Old Courts', Heidelberg, Mar 1997, p 9.
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Matthias Schulz, Der Spiegel, ‘Zauberin im Garten Eden’, Hamburg, 14 Apr 2001, pp 188–201: col illus pp 188–89 and on cover.
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Herbert Sharp, Studio, ‘A short account of the work of Edward John Poynter’, London, Feb 1896, pp 3–15: pp 13–15.
[M H Spielmann], Magazine of Art, ‘Edward J. Poynter, PRA’, London, 1897, pp 111–20: p 120.
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Athenaeum, ‘The Royal Academy (second notice)’, London, 16 May 1891, pp 641–43: p 643. Concerning reduced ‘much improved’ version.
Times, London, 28 May 1890-27 Jun 1891. McLean’s Gallery advertisements.
Sydney Morning Herald, ‘The Solomon and Sheba picture’, Sydney, 12 Nov 1892, p 7.
Sydney Morning Herald, ‘Mr Poynter's new picture [letter]’, Sydney, 24 Nov 1892, p 8.
Daily Telegraph, 'That picture', Sydney, 03 Mar 1893, p 3.
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Daily Telegraph, 'That picture', Sydney, 17 Mar 1893, p 6.
Daily Telegraph, ‘A new picture at the National Art Gallery: “Vive l’Emperor [sic]”’, Sydney, 13 May 1893, p 9.
Sydney Morning Herald, 'The Art Gallery', Sydney, 14 Sep 1893, p 3.
Sydney Morning Herald, 'The new loan exhibition', Sydney, 01 Sep 1894, p 5.
Daily Telegraph, ‘The National Gallery: five new pictures’, Sydney, 27 Oct 1894, p 5.
Sydney Morning Herald, ‘Mr Villiers on local art’, Sydney, 25 May 1895, p 6.
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Athenaeum, 'Exhibitions', London, 14 Apr 1900, pp 472–73: p 472.
Pall Mall Gazette “Extra”, ‘The pictures of 1901’, London, May 1901, illus on cover. Photograph of the artist standing in front of the picture (in a temporary frame), the oil sketch standing on the ground in front.
Drawings of Sir E J Poynter, Bart, PRA, London, , p 10. Studies illus pls 22, 38.
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Picture study in schools: records of the Education Society, Sydney, 1913, pp 31, 47–49, illus p 48.
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The meeting of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba by Edward J. Poynter, RA, London, 1890. Reprinted Sydney, 1892 and partially reprinted in the Art Gallery of New South Wales catalogue 1906.
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