The Buddha was originally shown only by symbols, such as the stupa, the wheel of the Doctrine or a footprint. It was the Gandhara area of northwest India that gave rise to the first representations of the Buddha in human form in the 2nd century BCE. This standing figure shows a Greco-Roman influence in its classical facial features and the drapery-like folds of the robe. The left hand grasps a corner of the robe while the right hand would have faced palm out and fingers upright in the 'abhaya mudra' (gesture of fearlessness). Typical of the Gandharan Buddha is the naturalistic hairstyle, the rounded cranial bump or ushnisha (indicating wisdom), and the spiral between the eyebrows (urna) signifying spiritual insight.
Asian Art Department, AGNSW, August 1995
Kushan period mid 1st century - early 5th century
109.0 x 37.0 x 17.0 cm
Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Gift of Josef and Regina Neumann 1986
Not on display
Shown in 3 exhibitions
Fine Chinese ceramics, bronzes, jades, scupture and works of art, Christie's New York, New York, 27 Nov 1985–01 Dec 1985
Buddhist Art from the Collection of the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 06 May 1995–10 Sep 1995
Conversations through the Asian collections, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 25 Oct 2014–13 Mar 2016
Referenced in 3 publications
Jackie Menzies, Asian Collection Handbook, Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Introduction', pg. 9-17, Sydney, 1990, 10, 11 (illus.).
The Asian Collections Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Buddhist Art', Sydney, 2003, 28 (colour illus.).
Christie's New York: Fine Chinese ceramics, bronzes, jades, sculpture and works of art, New York, 02 Dec 1985, 110,111 (illus.). lot 206.