We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.


Homestead, Dunlop Station, Darling River, from the album New South Wales Royal Commission: Conservation of water. Views of scenery on the Darling and Lower Murray during the flood of 1886.



Charles Bayliss

England, Australia

1850 – 1897

  • Details

    Media category
    Materials used
    albumen photograph
    20.9 x 28.2 cm image/sheet; 21.9 x 29.1 cm card; 26.2 x 34.0 cm paper (irreg.)
    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Purchased 1984
    South Building, ground level, Grand Courts
    Accession number

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Charles Bayliss

    Works in the collection


  • About

    The photographs taken by Bayliss along the Darling and Lower Murray rivers in 1886 were made for the Lyne Royal Commission into Water Conservation in New South Wales. Bayliss and six others travelled by paddlewheel steamer down the Darling River to Adelaide, studying land conditions and taking evidence from locals. The ultimate aim of the commission was to develop strategies for water conservation and distribution to avert ‘the disastrous consequences of the periodical droughts to which the Colony is from time to time subject’, a project still unrealised 120 years later.1

    Ironically, the expedition was made at a time of flood. This photograph shows the river bursting it banks and flooding the outer paddock of the homestead. The commission’s steamer is visible, moored at the upper left. The Dunlop Station, between Wilcannia and Bourke on the Darling River, played an important role in the history of shearing in Australia. In 1886 it covered nearly 180 000 acres and employed more than 100 people at mustering time. The first complete shearing by mechanical means took place here two years after this photograph was taken.

    1. 1884 report in Jeffcoat K & Byron S 1991, 'Down the Darling: the Charles Bayliss photographs', Department of Water Resources New South Wales, Parramatta p 8

    © Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 6 exhibitions

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 8 publications

Other works by Charles Bayliss

See all 83 works