We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.


Prime Minister Gough Whitlam pours soil into the hands of traditional land owner Vincent Lingiari, Northern Territory

printed 1999


Mervyn Bishop


1945 –

Artist profile

  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    Wave Hill Station Northern Territory Australia
    printed 1999
    Media category
    Materials used
    type R3 photograph
    30.5 x 30.5 cm image; 33.9 x 33.9 cm sheet
    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Hallmark Cards Australian Photography Collection Fund 1991
    Not on display
    Accession number
    © Mervyn Bishop/ Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

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    Artist information
    Mervyn Bishop

    Artist profile

    Works in the collection


  • About

    From 1974 Bishop established the position of staff photographer at the Department of Aboriginal Affairs in Canberra during an important era in Indigenous self-determination. Here he covered the historical moment at Wattie Creek on 16 August 1975 when Prime Minister Gough Whitlam poured a handful of Daguragu soil back into the hand of Vincent Lingiari, Gurindji elder and traditional landowner. Whitlam said: ‘Vincent Lingiari I solemnly hand to you these deeds as proof, in Australian law, that these lands belong to the Gurindji people and I put into your hands part of the earth itself as a sign that this land will be the possession of you and your children forever.’ Lingiari, having received the crown lease of his ancestral land, simply replied, ‘We are mates now’.1

    When interviewed in 2000 Bishop explained that he asked the two leaders to re-create the handover away from the shaded shed where it took place, saying: ‘We'll get away with a nice blue sky behind it. I asked Mr Whitlam and Mr Lingiari to do it again, and so they did.’2 This image became an icon of the land rights movement in Australian political photography. The bright blue sky and red earth gives an immediate sense of place. The years of struggle are engraved on Lingiari’s face and slightly bent back, whereas Whitlam stands confident and optimistic. The white papers and words are meaningless compared to the physical action of the dry red earth falling from Whitlam’s hand to a growing mound in Lingiari’s palm. In a few minutes the two hands in the shape of an hourglass symbolically rectified the years of injustice for the Gurindji people by giving them access to their ancestral lands.

    1. Snowdon Hon W 2002, 'First speech as the member for Lingiari', Shadow Parliamentary Secretary for Northern Territory and Indigenous Affairs, 20 Mar. See www.warrensnowdon.com/speeches/020320.htm. Accessed 15.07.2006
    2. Hussey G & Bishop M, interview transcript, 'Mervyn Bishop's career celebrated', 7.30 Report, ABC, 11 Dec 2000, www.abc.net.au/7.30/stories/s222548.htm. (Accessed 15.07.2006)

    © Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 3 exhibitions

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 12 publications

Other works by Mervyn Bishop

See all 25 works