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Title

Untitled

1882-1885


Artist

Wykes Norton

Australia

active Australia 1882–92 -


About

Wykes Norton was a professional photographer based in Sydney and proprietor of the Royal Studio.

A carte de visite is a stiff card of about 10 x 6.4 cm, with an attached paper photograph, invented in 1854 by André-Adolphe-Eugène Disderi. They were introduced into Australia in 1859 by William Blackwood with albums arriving in 1860, aiding the collection and distribution of multiple cartes. Cartes were usually portraits and were made by the millions worldwide. Multi-lens, or ‘multiplying’ cameras were introduced in the 1860s, which were capable of producing from 2 to 32 images in quick succession, dramatically increasing the number of cartes de visite that could be made from a single photographic plate. They were easily reproduced by making paper contact prints from the glass plates, which were then cut and pasted to card.

Invented in 1856 by Professor Hamilton Smith in Ohio, USA, the tintype is a unique image made on a thin sheet of iron coated with a black or brown lacquer or enamel. An inexpensive and popular process often used for portraits, it has a limited tonal range and images appear flat and soft.


Details


Date

1882-1885


Media category

Photograph


Materials used

carte de visite


Dimensions

8.6 x 4.8 cm image (irreg.); 9.4 x 5.6 cm sheet; 10.3 x 6.3 cm mount card


Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Credit

Purchased 2014


Location

Not on display


Accession number

448.2014


Artist information

Wykes Norton

Works in the collection

2


Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history