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Title

Couplet

1644-1911

Artist

Unknown

China

Alternate image of Couplet by Unknown
Alternate image of Couplet by Unknown
  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    China
    Period
    Qing dynasty 1644 - 1911 → China
    Date
    1644-1911
    Media category
    Calligraphy
    Materials used
    ink on paper
    Dimensions

    a - right scolll - head, 130 x 29.8 cm

    b - left scroll - tail, 130 x 29.8 cm

    Signature & date

    Signed c.l., in Chinese, inscribed in black ink "…Jiecheng Tianzhihe (Tian Zhimei, alia Jiecheng)". Not dated.
    Signed l.l., in Chinese, stamped in red ink, "Jiecheng Tianzhimei (Tian Zhimei, alia Jiecheng) [artist's seals]".

    Credit
    Gift of Richard Clough 2001
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    400.2001.a-b
    Copyright

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Unknown

    Works in the collection

    56

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  • About

    The couplet, written on two narrow pieces of paper or silk, and hung on either side of a large painting or doorway, is one of the most common forms of calligraphic art. The couplets themselves are either taken from Tang and Song poetry or contemporary literary works composed by the calligraphers themselves and their friends.

    A couplet is made up of two parts called the head and the tail. In this example, the head reads, "Wandie yunshan mojie hua (Myriad clouded peaks look like a painting by Mojie [Wang Wei, 699-759, a renowned painter and poet of the Tang dynasty])", and the tail reads, "Sishi huaniao duling shi (The flowers and birds of four seasons sound as a poem by Du Fu [712-770, one of the greatest poets of the Tang dynasty)". An inscription is seen on the lower left side of the tail, which reads, "Jiecheng Tianzhihe (Tian Zhimei, alia Jiecheng)". Two seals follow the inscription: "Jiecheng Tian Zhimei (Tian Zhimei, alia Jiecheng)", and "Rencheng hanlin (A member of the Imperial Hanlin Academy in the year of 'rencheng')". It is apparent that the calligrapher of the couplet was a scholar official who served at the time in the highest imperial scholarly institute, the Hanlin Academy during the Qing dynasty. Due to the lack of information, however, the exact date of the year of 'rencheng' is not clear at the moment. It could be dated 1652, 1712, 1772, 1832, and 1892.

    Asian Art Department, AGNSW, August 2001

  • Places

    Where the work was made

    China

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