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Title

The Buddha's parinirvana

1832


Artist

Monk Gyokusen

Japan


About

The historical Buddha, Shakyamuni, is thought to have lived in the 6th or 5th century BCE. After a long illness, he decided his earthly life would end at Kushinagara in India. On arrival there the Buddha lay on his right side on a stretcher between two trees. He faced west with his head towards the north. On the night of his 80th birthday, under a full moon, the Buddha entered parinirvana, a final state for those who have achieved enlightenment.

The composition of this painting follows images of this great event that date back to the early 1200s. The Buddha is shown surrounded by grieving animals, monks, lay-people, enlightened beings and deities. In the clouds above, the Buddha’s weeping mother Maya arrives with her entourage.


Details


Other Title

Nehan


Alternative title

Nehan-e


Place where the work was made

Japan


Date

1832


Media category

Painting


Materials used

hanging scroll; colour on paper


Dimensions

51.5 x 28.5 cm image; 159.0 x 45.4 x 49.3 cm scroll


Credit

Gift of Mrs J.H. Oughton 1981


Location

Not on display


Accession number

35.1981


Artist information

Monk Gyokusen

Works in the collection

1


Place

Where the work was made
Japan