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Title

The Buddha's parinirvana

1832

Artist

  • Details

    Other Title
    Nehan
    Alternative title
    Nehan-e
    Place where the work was made
    Japan
    Period
    Edo (Tokugawa) period 1615 - 1868 → Japan
    Date
    1832
    Media categories
    Scroll , Painting
    Materials used
    hanging scroll; colour on paper
    Dimensions
    51.5 x 28.5 cm image; 159.0 x 45.4 x 49.3 cm scroll
    Credit
    Gift of Mrs J.H. Oughton 1981
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    35.1981
    Copyright

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Monk Gyokusen

    Works in the collection

    1

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  • About

    The historical Buddha, Shakyamuni, is thought to have lived in the 6th or 5th century BCE. After a long illness, he decided his earthly life would end at Kushinagara in India. On arrival there the Buddha lay on his right side on a stretcher between two trees. He faced west with his head towards the north. On the night of his 80th birthday, under a full moon, the Buddha entered parinirvana, a final state for those who have achieved enlightenment.

    The composition of this painting follows images of this great event that date back to the early 1200s. The Buddha is shown surrounded by grieving animals, monks, lay-people, enlightened beings and deities. In the clouds above, the Buddha’s weeping mother Maya arrives with her entourage.

  • Places

    Where the work was made

    Japan