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Title

Dream and lie of Franco – Plate I , from Sueño y Mentira de Franco

1937

Artist

Pablo Picasso

Spain, France

25 Oct 1881 – 08 Apr 1973

  • Details

    Alternative title
    Sueño y Mentira de Franco
    Date
    1937
    Media category
    Print
    Materials used
    etching and aquatint on chine collé
    Edition
    26/150 [II.B.d.] [There was also 30 signed artist's proofs numbered in Roman numberals and a stamp-signed edition of 850 on Montval]
    Dimensions
    31.5 x 42.2 cm platemark; 38.2 x 57.2 cm sheet
    Signature & date

    Signed l.r., pencil "Picasso". Dated top c., [etched in plate] "8 janvier 1937 [reversed]".

    Credit
    Purchased with funds provided by Hamish Parker, Guy & Marian Paynter and Ashley Dawson-Damer AM 2017
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    339.2017.1
    Copyright
    © Pablo Picasso/Succession Pablo Picasso. Licensed by Copyright Agency

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Pablo Picasso

    Works in the collection

    18

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  • About

    'Dream and lie of Franco' is a set of two prints (plate I and plate II), numbered impressions from the edition of 150 (26/150), printed by Lacourière and published by the artist in Paris, without the text and the portfolio. There were also thirty signed artist’s proofs numbered in Roman numerals and a stamp-signed edition of 850 on Montval.
    Picasso began this pair of prints in January 1937. Each is subdivided into three rows of three scenes that together form a series of 18 cartoon-like vignettes printed from two plates. Since Picasso worked on the images from left to right, the etched versions (printed in reverse) read from right to left. The result is not a narrative as such, but a series of loosely connected images. In the tradition of chivalric literature (e.g. Cervantes), the nine scenes of the first plate show the heroic feats and the piety of Franco as a medieval 'caballero' (knight)– except he is variously and ridiculously depicted as a tight-rope walker with an oversized penis; as a traditional Spanish 'Maja'; as a figure of piety before the altar of money, or a leg-less knight riding a pig.
    While the images of the first plate are subversive and humorous, the scenes of the second plate focus more strongly on the brutality of Franco’s regime. The general is depicted as a monstrous grinning figure, devouring the innards of his own horse that he has just slaughtered, while other scenes show the results of battle. Picasso also expressed the despair of the Spanish women in particular. It is noteworthy that the print contains the iconic image of an anguished and despairing female head –Picasso’s first rendition of the 'Weeping woman' which was developed shortly after in several paintings. Finally, Picasso used other imagery from this print in his ground-breaking mural 'Guernica' completed the same year. The last four scenes were added on 7 June 1937, six weeks after the Basque town of Guernica was levelled by bombs.

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 2 publications

  • Provenance

    Private Collection, Paris/France, Bought from the Galerie Arenthon, Paris, around 1998-2003.

    pre 19 Mar 2014, London/England, Sold at 'Old Master, Modern & Contemporary Prints', Christie’s London, 19 Mar 2014, lot 285.

    Mar 2014-Jun 2016, 'Viva España! Prints by Picasso, Dalí, Miró, Chillida & Tàpies', Christie’s online sale, 21–30 June 2016, lot 11

    Frederick Mulder, Old Master & Modern Prints, Jun 2016, London/England, Bought at Christie's online sale, 21-30 June 2016, lot 11; Frederick Mulder

Other works by Pablo Picasso

See all 18 works