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Title

Xiao Haifan (the sea banner)

1851

Artist

Alternate image of Xiao Haifan (the sea banner) by Li Zongzhang
Alternate image of Xiao Haifan (the sea banner) by Li Zongzhang
Alternate image of Xiao Haifan (the sea banner) by Li Zongzhang
Alternate image of Xiao Haifan (the sea banner) by Li Zongzhang
  • Details

    Other Titles
    Hoi Fan Ton
    Ceremonial painting - Xiao Haifan (The Sea Banner)
    Place where the work was made
    Hunan Province China
    Cultural origin
    Mian
    Date
    1851
    Media category
    Painting
    Materials used
    pigment on paper
    Dimensions
    124.5 x 51.0 cm
    Credit
    Gift of Dr John Yu and Dr George Soutter 2006
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    276.2006
    Copyright

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Li Zongzhang

    Works in the collection

    1

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  • About

    This is one of a set of paintings created for a consecration ritual performed by the Daoist Yao people of China, Vietnam and Thailand. The dramatic figure riding a dragon and holding bowl of purification water is Xiao Haifan. Believed to be an exorcist, he is one of the deities permitted to invoke ceremonies. His right foot is bare and his boot appears on the end of the dragon’s tail. According to tradition, Xiao Haifan lost his boot while crossing a body of water and the dragon recovered it.
    Commissioning paintings such as this is thought to increase a person’s spiritual merit. Its inscription reads:

    The disciple Pan Fade, along with his sons Pan Fayuan and Pan Fawang, wholeheartedly commissioned a painting of the four deities. May the whole household be propitious and prosperous. [Inscribed or painted by] Li Zongzhang of Changde county. A kaiguang ceremony was performed on the eleventh moon of the first year of [Emperor] Xianfeng (1851).

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 3 exhibitions

  • Provenance

    John Yu, 1980s-2006, Sydney/New South Wales/Australia, the nine Yao ceremonial paintings donated by Dr John YU were purchased from different locations including Xian in Shaanxi province of China, Bangkok, Shanghai and Hong Kong.