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Title

Peng kokn (ceremonial wig)

circa 1992
collected 1992

Artist

Wahgi people

Papua New Guinea

No image
  • Details

    Other Titles
    Judge's wig
    peng koem
    Place where the work was made
    Minj Anglimp-South Waghi District Jiwaka Province Papua New Guinea
    Cultural origin
    Wahgi people
    Dates
    circa 1992
    collected 1992
    Media category
    Ceremonial object
    Materials used
    barkcoth over cane frame, tree resin, plant fibre string, yellow orchid stem fibre (Dendrobium), coix seeds (Coix lacryma-jobi), yellow and red pigments, cowrie shells, red, black and white feathers
    Dimensions
    71.0 cm height
    Credit
    Purchased with funds provided by the Florence Turner Blake Bequest and the Patricia Lucille Bernard Bequest 2016
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    270.2016
    Copyright
    © Wahgi people, under the endorsement of PIMA's 'Code of Ethics'
    Artist information
    Wahgi people

    Works in the collection

    2

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  • About

    Made almost entirely by men, the long ceremonial wig, or 'peng kokn' in the Wahgi language of central Highlands of Papua New Guinea, is worn only during the major pig festival called 'konggar' – an extended ritual cycle held once in a generation. Over a period of years, rites are performed, pigs reared, and ceremonial structures built. During the final days of celebration the correct 'bilas' (body decoration) are displayed by men and women. These include bird of paradise and other plumes, woven armbands, gold-lipped pearlshells, string aprons, body paint and 'peng', or wigs. There are a number of types of wig made for the 'konggar', the most common being the long so-called 'judge's wig', which extends over the wearer's shoulders, such as this example.

    Traditionally these were constructed from a frame of bamboo over which barkcloth was sewn, and burrs pressed onto its outer surface. Human hair was then added. The entire surface was then smeared with tree resin. Feathers, seeds, shells and beetle carapaces also adorned the wig. Today, modern materials such as cotton fabric and synthetic glue are employed. Two distinct stages of wig-making are accompanied by the killing of pigs and the enforcement of certain taboos.

    Newly completed wigs are worn for the first time by men when they join others on the ceremonial ground, where dancing, or 'gol' takes place. As anthropologist Michael O'Hanlon wrote, wigs were 'promotors of pig growth on the one hand, and ... associated with sexual attractiveness on the other' (1). Occassionally wigs are passed down not only from fathers to sons, but also from fathers to unmarried daughters. O'Hanlon notes that in the 1980s, 'the number female wearers seems to be rapidly increasing'.

    This 'peng kokn' was collected by Todd Barlin at the 1992 Mt Hagen Show.

    (1) Michael O'Hanlon, 'Reading the skin: adornment, display and society among the Wahgi', Crawford House Press, Bathurst, 1989, pg. 99.

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