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Western art


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1941, printed later


Sergej Strunnikow


1907 - 1944


Strunnikow graduated from the Moscow Film School and became a photojournalist for 'Pravda' in 1932. At that time, he documented the industrialisation and collectivisation process in Middle Asia and the Caucasus. During the war he was a frontline photographer for 'Pravda', and he was noted for his coverage of the battles around Odessa, Moscow and Leningrad. This close-up image of 'Soja', also known as ‘Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, “Tania”, a Russian partisan tortured by Fascists’, is emotionally disturbing. Strunnikov shows us a woman, presumably not long dead, who lies in the snow, her chest bearing the marks of torture and the rope with which she was hung frozen taut around her broken neck. Who was Soja? An innocent victim? A heroic martyr? While Strunnikov denies the viewer the information to contextualise and explain, one can observe in this small, tightly cropped press print, that the body is resurrected, and invested with an order of knowledge that makes ‘Soja’ a compelling icon of remembrance and regret through signifying the real effects of war.

Needless to say, the force of politics in the Soviet Union added weight to 'realism' as the preferred form of expression, and to the comprehensive documentation of battles and deaths on Soviet soil. And while the camera as ‘witness’ has been present in wars, as early as the American Civil War, this photograph is a poignant example of how photography has been critical in the construction of how conflict is understood, politically and ideologically. This is a particularly important image as war photography is considered in some quarters to be one of the few true genres of the medium.

© Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007


Other Title

Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, 'Tania', a partisan tortured by Fascists


1941, printed later

Media category


Materials used

gelatin silver photograph


9.6 x 13.8 cm image/sheet

Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Purchased 1997


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Sergej Strunnikow

Works in the collection


Shown in 3 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 5 publications


Judy Annear, World without end - Photography and the 20th century, Sydney, 2000, 27, 113 (illus.).

Martyn Jolly, Photography: Art Gallery of New South Wales Collection, 'International photo-documentary', pg.151-167, Sydney, 2007, 161 (illus.).

Max Kozloff, Art in America, Photographers at War, New York, Dec 1985, 78 (illus.).

Margarita Tupitsyn, Glaube, Hoffnung - Anpassung: Sowjetische Bilder 1928-1945, Essen, 1995, 113 (illus.).

Peter Kort Zegers, Windows on the war: Soviet TASS posters at home and abroad 1941-1945, 'Stored windows', pg.160-379, 2011, 260 (illus.). fig.5, illustrated in reference to 849