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Western art

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Landscape with houses

Winter 1908-1909


Georges Braque


13 May 1882 - 31 Aug 1963


This landscape by the co-founder of cubism was painted in a region of France frequented by Cezanne: coastal L'Estaque. Not unnaturally, Braque's faceted brush-work resembles Cezanne's, while at the same time hinting at the fragmented system of application he was destined to perfect with Picasso. Though it had its genesis in landscape - Braque at La Roche-Guyon, Picasso at La Horta - the cubist method found its purest expression in still life. This painting has elements of that genre, from the object-like character of the houses and tree, to their flattening thrust into the plane of the picture. Braque's shifting of forms in space, indeed his shifting of space itself, announce the fourth dimension of cubism. The landscape is understood almost exclusively in spatial terms, though not without a dramatic connotation specific to the early days of the movement. 'Landscape with houses' has a rawness that would convert to refinement within the year. The palette of browns, greens and unemphatic blues is already, at this date, quintessentially cubist.

AGNSW Handbook, 1999.


Other Title

House and trees

Alternative title

Paysage de La Roche-Guyon Paysage avec maison Maisons. La Roche-Guyon

Place where the work was made

L'Estaque France


Winter 1908-1909

Media category


Materials used

oil on canvas


65.5 x 54.0 cm stretcher; 88.3 x 76.3 x 4.5 cm frame

Signature & date

Signed l.l. verso canvas, black oil "G Braque". Not dated.


Purchased 1980


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Georges Braque

Works in the collection


Shown in 12 exhibitions

Exhibition history

The provenance of this work is under review and records will be updated as new details become available. The Gallery welcomes any information. Contact


Edwin Suermondt, Aachen/Germany

Perls Galleries, New York, New York/New York/United States of America, stock number 5031. Perls Galleries records are now in collection of the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Fine Arts Associates, New York/New York/United States of America, dates unknown, sold to Mrs George Staempfli. Fine Arts Associates business records, now in the collection of the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., contain an undated sales record 'Paintings by Georges Braque sold by Fine Arts Associates, New York' page 3, listing the painting as sold to Mrs George Staempfli. Reel 4051 Otto and Ilse Gerson Papers, 6. Business records, a. Miscellaneous purchase and sales records.

George W. and Emily Staempfli, circa 1960-circa 1968, New York/New York/United States of America, by 1960, listed in 'Cubism and Twentieth Century Art' by Robert Rosenblum 1960 as collection of Mr and Mrs George W Staempfli. Lent in 1968 to the exhibition 'Summer loan exhibition including the McIlhenny and Staempfli Collections' at the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

Thomas Gibson Fine Art, pre 1977, London/England, Purchased by Galerie Beyeler from Thomas Gibson Fine Art 1977.

Galerie Beyeler, 1977-25 Jan 1980, Basel/Switzerland, Purchased by the AGNSW from Galerie Beyeler 1980. Galerie Beyeler stock no. 8814.

Referenced in 24 publications


Felix A. Baumann, Walter Feilchenfeldt and Hubertus Gassner (Editors), Cezanne and the dawn of modern art, Ostfildern, 2004, (illus.). this work is not in this exhibition but is referred to in the catalogue

Yve-Alain Bois, Picasso and Braque a symposium, 'The Semiology of Cubism', pg. 169-208, New York, 1992, 184 (illus.). pl. 12. Symposium held at MOMA 10-13 Nov. 1989 in conjunction with the exhibition 'Picasso and Braque: Pioneering Cubism'

Edmund Capon AM, OBE and Jan Meek (Editors), Portrait of a Gallery, 'European 20th Century Art', pg. 91-95, Sydney, 1984, 91 (colour illus.).

Nicole Worms de Romilly and Jean Laude, Braque: cubism 1907-1914, Paris, 1982, 85 (illus.). 33

Renée Free, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'European', pg. 36-56, Sydney, 1988, 50 (illus.), 51.

Renée Free, Three years on: a selection of acquisitions 1978-1981, 'European Art', pg. 27-36, Sydney, 1981, 31 (colour illus.). 2

Renée Free, AGNSW Collections, 'The Western Heritage, Renaissance to Twentieth Century', pg. 108-172, Sydney, 1994, 145 (colour illus.).

Renée Free, Art Gallery of New South Wales collection series 4, 'Georges Braque 1882-1963. Houses and trees. 1909', pg. 5-8, Sydney, Winter 1983, 5 (illus.).

Renee Free, Art and Australia, 'European Acquisitions: 1972-83', pg. 63-67, Sydney, Spring 1984, 66, 67 (illus.).

Bruce James, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Western Collection: Paintings and Sculpture', pg. 17-77, Sydney, 1999, 53 (colour illus.).

Martha Kapos (Editor), The Post-Impressionists: a retrospective, 'Introduction', pg. 29-34, Connecticut, 1993, 29 (illus.).

Susan Lee (Editor), Art investigator, 'New Visions - Cubism', pg. 182-83, Melbourne, 1998, 182 (colour illus.).

Terence Maloon, Paths to abstraction 1867-1917, Sydney, 2010, 214 (colour illus.).

Rodney Milgate, Art and Australia (Vol. 18, No. 2), 'Artists Choice No. 6: Georges Braque', pg.150-151, Sydney, Summer 1980, 150, 151 (colour illus.).

Musee Cantini, Georges Braque et le paysage: de l'Estaque à Varengeville 1906-1963, Paris, 2006, 129 (colour illus.).

John Richardson (Editor), Georges Braque, an American tribute, New York, 1964.

Robert Rosenblum, Cubism and twentieth century art, London, circa 1960, 42 (illus.). as 'View of La Roche-Guyon' 1909

William Rubin, Picasso and Braque: pioneering cubism, New York, 1989, 112 (colour illus.).

Sotheby's New York, Sotheby's New York: the eye of a collector, works from the collection of Stanley J. Seeger, New York, May 2001, 99 (colour illus.). illustrated in reference to 26 'La Maison. La Roche-Guyon'

Wendy Symonds (Editor), Look, 'Close-ups of the Collection', pg. 6, Heidelberg, Feb 1997, 3 (colour illus.), 6.

Alfred Werner, Raoul Dufy, New York, 1970, 23 (illus.). 19, as 'View of La Roche-Guyon' collection Mr & Mrs George W. Staempfli, N.Y.

Drew Westen, Psychology: mind, brain & culture, Queensland, 1999, 132 (colour illus.).

Donald Williams and Barbara Vance Wilson, From caves to canvas: an introduction to western art, 'De-Construct and Re-Construct: Cubism and its followers', pg.216-224, Sydney, 1992, 219 (colour illus.).

Donald Williams and Barbara Vance Wilson, From caves to canvas: an introduction to western art (Second edition), 'De-Construct and Re-Construct: Cubism and its followers', pg.240-250, Sydney, 1998, 243 (colour illus.).