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Title

Wasau (head for yam ceremony)

circa 1970s


Artist

Kwoma people

Papua New Guinea


About

Inland from the village of Ambunti on the Sepik River, in the foothills of the Ambunti Mountains, there are three pottery producing cultural groups: the Nukuma, the Mayo and the Kwoma. This modelled pottery head - known as a 'wasau' - is most likely from one of the Kwoma pottery villages of Tongwinjamb, Washkuk, Melawei, Bangwis, Meno, Baglam or Urambanj.

Kwoma believe in a complex pantheon of spirits, which fall into two categories: 'bush' or 'water' spirits occupying streams, boulders, or other natural features, collectively termed (in pidgin) masalai; and clan spirits depicted by ceremonial carvings.

Margaret Tuckson and Patricia May visited these villages in the 1970s and 80s and described these objects:

'Wasau are cult objects shaped like pots, with pointed closed bases and open orifices. They are distinguished by modelled faces or heads. These faces consist of an applied ridge which forms a jutting angle in the shape of the outline of a head, a projecting long or beaked nose, cutaway round eyes and a cutaway bow-shaped mouth ... the remaining surface can be covered with scratched, incised or chip-carved patterns'.

Anthropologist Christian Kaufmann also described these ceremonial heads:

'In general with the clay heads one is dealing with the representation of the sacred spirit beings, 'sikilawas', who are closely related to yams and happenings in the primeval age (thus pot = head = yam = the spirits of ages past)'.

During yam ceremonies - such as the 'Yinamu' feast held during the dry season, where the head is placed on a platform together with many yams piled around it - the heads are supported on sticks and decorated with leaves and human hair.

For further information see: Christian Kaufmann, 'Das Töpferhandwerk der Kwoma in Nord-Neuguinea', Pharos-Verlag Hans-rudolf Schwabe AG, Basel, 1972; and Margaret Tuckson and Patricia May, 'The traditional pottery of Papua New Guinea', Bay Books, Sydney, 1982.


Details


Cultural origin

Kwoma people


Date

circa 1970s


Media category

Ceramic


Materials used

earthenware, natural earth pigments


Dimensions

28.0 cm height


Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Credit

Gift of Todd Barlin 2020. Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural Gifts Program


Location

Not on display


Accession number

191.2020


Artist information

Kwoma people

Works in the collection

5