We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.


Stonypath, from the series Stonypath



Ian Hamilton Finlay


28 Oct 1925 – 27 Mar 2006

  • Details

    Other Title
    Little Sparta
    Media category
    Materials used
    type C photograph
    30.5 x 40.5 cm image/sheet
    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Mervyn Horton Bequest Fund 1984
    Not on display
    Accession number
    © Ian Hamilton Finlay

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Ian Hamilton Finlay

    Works in the collection


  • About

    Located on a once desolate moor in Pentland Hills, south of Edinburgh in Scotland, ‘Stonypath’ is both a conceptual work of art and widely recognised as one of Europe’s greatest modern gardens. In 1966 when Scottish artist Ian Hamilton Finlay and wife Sue moved to the property they began a process of transformation by making ponds and planting trees and other flora. From time to time Finlay created artworks collaboratively with stone masons, engravers and others which were set among the landscaped grounds. This series of photographs by David Paterson reveals some of the 275 individual artworks at ‘Stonypath’ including neoclassical statues, architectural fragments, sundials, temples and stone plaques, many engraved with English and Latin words or phrases. Highly regarded as a concrete poet (in which the visual appearance and combination of words is as important as their content and effect), the creation of ‘Stonypath’ enabled Finlay to work physically with the form of words, a process sometimes referred to as environmental poetry. Finlay chose names, phrases and titles that drew from themes which have dominated his work, including the French Revolution, the classical world, war, fishing boats, landscape and philosophy. Despite his serious intent, some of the expressions are humorous (a tablet inscribed with ‘Bring Back the Birch’ placed next to maple trees). Other artworks are deferential including the French painter Claude Lorrain’s signature engraved on the side of a bridge which crosses over a picturesque pond.

    Finlay’s concern for the structures of modern society is based in historical antecedents. In the garden are references to the philosopher of nature Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the engraved signature of French painter Nicolas Poussin, among others; symbols of time passing; and weighty dialectical aphorisms, for example ‘The Present Order is the Disorder of the Future’ by Saint-Just, the 18th-century French revolutionary leader. Each word from this prophetic quote is inscribed on a single stone block. As with most sculpture at Stonypath, the work was produced collaboratively, in this instance with Nicholas Sloan. Saint-Just’s phrase and ‘Stonypath’ refer to the cyclic character of chaos and order in society, culture and in humanity’s relationship with nature. Here, philosophical ruminations in the form of sculpture are situated within a growing and living garden that constantly threatens to become overgrown, paradoxically denying order and stability. It is therefore fitting that after a property tax feud with the local council over the religious status of one of the buildings, Finlay renamed ‘Stonypath’, ‘Little Sparta’. Sparta was the ancient enemy of Athens; consequently the new name conveys the adversarial relationship between Finlay and the local bureaucracies. Real and imagined battles take place in his garden, where objects paying homage to cultural events and activities exist in rapport with nature.

    © Art Gallery of New South Wales Contemporary Collection Handbook, 2006

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 1 exhibition

    • The British show, Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth, 19 Feb 1985–24 Mar 1985

      The British show, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 23 Apr 1985–09 Jun 1985

      The British show, Queensland Art Gallery, South Brisbane, 05 Jul 1985–11 Aug 1985

      The British show, Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne, Melbourne, 26 Sep 1985–05 Nov 1985

      The British show, National Art Gallery, Wellington, Wellington, 05 Dec 1985–26 Jan 1986

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 2 publications

Other works by Ian Hamilton Finlay

See all 21 works