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Title

Landscape

early 17th century

Artist

Unkoku Unkoku Tōeki

Japan

1591 - 1644

Alternate image of Landscape by Unkoku Unkoku Tōeki
Alternate image of Landscape by Unkoku Unkoku Tōeki
  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    Japan
    Period
    Edo (Tokugawa) period 1615 - 1868 → Japan
    Momoyama period 1573 - 1615 → Japan
    Date
    early 17th century
    Media categories
    Screen , Painting
    Materials used
    pair of six-panel screens (byobu); ink and gold wash on paper
    Dimensions

    a - right screen - (no moon depicted), 155 x 352 cm, image

    a - right screen - (no moon depicted), 173 x 370 cm, sheet

    b - left screen - (moon in centre), 155 x 352 cm, image

    b - left screen - (moon in centre), 173 x 370 cm, sheet

    Signature & date

    Signed u.l. [left screen], in Japanese, ink [inscribed] "Sesshu yondai Unkoku Tôeki hitsu [drawn by Unkoku Tôeki, Sesshu IV] [& artist's seal]". Not dated.
    Signed u.r. [right screen], in Japanese, ink [inscribed] "Unkoku Tôeki hitsu [drawn by Unkoku Tôeki, Sesshu IV] [& artist's seal]". Not dated.

    Credit
    Purchased with funds provided by Kenneth Myer 1985
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    166.1985.a-b
    Copyright

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Unkoku Unkoku Tōeki

    Works in the collection

    1

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  • About

    By the 1400s panoramic landscape screens in the 'suibokuga' style were an established and popular genre. The Japanese 'suibokuga' artists adopted Chinese styles, motifs, compositions and subjects but since they were unfamiliar with Chinese scenery, their landscapes often assumed an imaginary quality. Here Toeki combines the gentle rolling hills native to Japan with the soaring, ragged peaks typical of China. With its high, dense land formation either side of an expansive misty lake and use of atmospheric perspective, the composition is typical of the 'suibokuga' landscape tradition.

    Toeki's screens recall earlier depictions of the popular Chinese theme of the Eight Views of the Xiao Xiang rivers (in modern Hunan province in the southern part of China). The themes had inspired many Chinese poets and painters and from the 1300s Japanese painters as well. A formula evolved where each of the Eight Views was identified by a set poetic title such as 'Returning sail off distant shore' or 'Wild geese descending to sandbar': Toeki's response to these themes form vignettes within his overall composition. His figures of gentleman scholars have also evolved from Chinese prototypes. Gentlemen scholars were an influential class in Confucian China but one that did not exist in Japan. The two figures on the left are scholars, followed by their servant who carries their zither. Other figures can be seen within the pavilions conversing and reading, activities associated with the ideal of the cultivated gentleman.

    The Asian Collections, AGNSW, 2003, pg.209.

  • Places

    Where the work was made

    Japan

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 4 exhibitions

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 4 publications