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The swimmers, Milingimbi, Arnhem Land

printed 1983


Axel Poignant

England, Australia, England

12 Dec 1906 - 05 Feb 1986


Axel Poignant, who migrated to Australia in 1926, felt he had been ‘re-born an Australian’ having witnessed the miraculous transformation of the desert when its transitory flowers and birdlife came to life after rain on the Canning Stock Route in Western Australia in 1942. There he developed an intense affinity with the landscape and Indigenous Australians whom he photographed. He said: ‘I was hooked … From this time I had a conscious commitment to the documentary in both still and movie photography.’1 Captivated by the land, the people and their cultures Poignant visited Nagalarramba and Milingimbi, Arnhem Land, in 1952 to record with dignity and humanity the traditional daily life of Aboriginal people which was under threat from the official policy of assimilation at the time.

Poignant’s image of children swimming at Milingimbi suggests they could spring to life in a series of moving frames as their exuberance almost leaps from the print itself. The composition of the children implies one movement as they run, jump and dive. Their arc-like shape mimics the partially submerged tree – both silhouetted against the vast water and sky. The joy of playing, swimming and splashing is a universal pastime for many children, and images such as ‘The swimmers, Milingimbi’ conveyed a humane understanding of Indigenous people to the wider Australian public. This concept was achieved when Poignant’s photo-story, ‘Piccaninny walkabout: a story of two Aboriginal children’, was published as a children’s book in 1957. Its popularity demanded further editions, with the book retitled ‘Bush walkabout’ by Poignant in 1972.

1. Gross J 1984, ‘Axel Poignant’, ‘The British Journal of Photography’, 84/26, 29 Jun

© Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007



printed 1983

Media category


Materials used

gelatin silver photograph


43.2 x 32.8 cm image; 50.5 x 40.4 cm sheet

Signature & date

Signed l.r. sheet., pencil "Axel Poignant". Dated l.centre verso, pencil "...1952 /...1983


Purchased 1983


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Axel Poignant

Works in the collection


Shown in 6 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 7 publications


Art Gallery of New South Wales, Five years on: a selection of acquisitions 1981-1986, Sydney, 1986. 173

Jorge Calado, À Prova de Água Waterproof, Lisbon, 1998, (illus.). plate no. 145

Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, Sydney, Unknown, cover (illus.).

Bruce James, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Australian Collection: Australian Photography', pg. 198-207, Sydney, 1999, 205 (illus.).

Elizabeth Maloney, Look, '6 photographers with attitude', pg.35, Sydney, Dec 2009-Jan 2010, 35 (illus.).

Ewen McDonald, AGNSW Collections, 'From Colonialism to late Modernism', pg. 7-106, Sydney, 1994, 61 (illus.).

Rose Peel, Photography: Art Gallery of New South Wales Collection, 'Australian postwar photo-documentary', pg.189-207, Sydney, 2007, 194, 200 (illus.).