We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.


Standing crowned Buddha

12th century-13th century


Unknown Artist

Alternate image of Standing crowned Buddha by
Alternate image of Standing crowned Buddha by
  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    Lopburi Thailand
    Cultural origin
    Khmer style
    Lopburi period 900 - 1300 → Thailand
    12th century-13th century
    Media category
    Materials used
    copper alloy
    86.0 x 27.0 x 16.0 cm; 105.0 x 27.0 x 16.0 cm object with stand :

    a - Buddha, 80.5 x 27 x 16 cm

    b - crown, 8.5 x 11.2 cm

    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Gift of the Art Gallery Society of New South Wales 2002
    Not on display
    Accession number

    Reproduction requests

  • About

    This finely crafted regal figure of the Buddha is depicted in a strong frontal stance wearing long, flowing monastic robes, scalloped at the hems and gathered in front with a jewelled girdle. While the smooth and naturalistic modelling of the torso gives the appearance of a bare upper body, the Buddha's robes are in fact draped over both shoulders where an elaborate necklace or collar disguises the neckline of the garment. In addition, the Buddha is depicted wearing elaborate jewellery: heavy earrings, armbands and a distinctive conical crown. The practice of depicting the Buddha as adorned with a crown developed in Pala India where the crown represented the complete attainment of Buddhahood. Nevertheless, dressed in the regalia of a king, this majestic figure of the Buddha embodies the concept of the Devaraja (literally god-king), as an incarnation of the Divine on earth and as the means by which the Khmer kings legitimised their sovereignty.

    In an interesting variation, the hands of this Buddha are held in the gesture of 'vitarka mudra', the gesture of philosophical debate and discussion, reminiscent of Thai Buddha images of the preceding Mon-Dvaravati period. Thus although the distinctive facial features, powerful frontal and hieratic stance, and ornate formalism of this skilfully executed image of the Buddha has its stylistic origins with the Khmer culture, this appropriation and adaptation of Mon-Dvaravati elements attest to the dynamic evolution of Southeast Asian Buddhist sculpture.

    Asian Art Dept., AGNSW, 29 May 2002.

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 1 exhibition

    • Walking with gods, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 01 Jun 2019–05 Jan 2020

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 6 publications

  • Provenance

    Harry Kahn, 1989-1999, New York/United States of America

    Jenny E. Kaufmann, 1999-2002, New York/United States of America, by descent from the Harry Khan estate.

    Peter Marks Gallery, Mar 2002-Oct 2002, New York/United States of America, with Peter Marks Gallery (art dealership). Purchased through Peter Marks Gallery (art dealership) by the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2002.