'Too many, many roles,
these parts I've played,
and now I'll part from them.
Too tired of all pretense,
Tuning, tuning the strings,
and now it's over, done -
Thanks to the name of Ram [God],
I haven't another dance to dance and my mind
Can no longer manoeuvre the drum.
Life's postures love, hate -
lost to the flames:
The craving-filled kettle drum finally burst.'
(in Embree, 1988, 374)
In the song ('pada'), the mystic poet Kabir (1440-1518), one of the best known poets in North India, and a pioneer of Hindi devotional verse, has used the dancer as a metaphor for the overcoming of desire. In another song, similarly reflective of his wise teaching, he uses the musk deer, searching for the fragrance of the musk without realising it emanates from itself, as a metaphor for the finding of god within oneself.
By tradition a low caste weaver from Benares, Kabir became a symbol for self-respect movements amongst the lower castes - their guru who taught them using the vernacular. He is also the founder and one of the greatest figures of the Sant tradition, a counterpart of the 'bhakti' movement which, like it, emphasised love as the characteristic emotion of true religion. The Sant rejected all Hindu ceremonies, scriptures, and caste distinction, teaching that the path to enlightenment was within oneself.
Paintings of Kabir are rare, and this modest example depicts him weaving in humble surroundings. Kabir's teachings reflect both Hindu and Muslim traditions and one of the many legends about him (as also related of Guru Nanak) concerns his death at which time his Hindu followers wanted to cremate his body, but the Muslims insisted on burial. When they drew back the sheet over the corpse, it had turned to flowers. [JM]
Jim Masselos, 'Dancing to the flute - Music and dance in Indian art', AGNSW, 1997. pg. 164-165.
Late Mughal circa 1720 - 1857 → India
opaque watercolour on paper
21.8 x 12.7 cm image; 28.5 x 19 cm sheet
Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Bequest of Mr J. Kitto 1986
Not on display
Shown in 3 exhibitions
Dancing to the flute: music and dance in Indian art, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 12 Jun 1997–24 Aug 1997
Indian Painting, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 06 Apr 2001–11 Jun 2001
Shahzia Sikander, Museum of Contemporary Art, Australia, 27 Nov 2007–17 Feb 2008
Referenced in 3 publications
Haema Sivanesan, Indian painting, 'Indian Painting', verso of poster., Sydney, 2001. cat.no. 3.8
Pratapaditya Pal, Dancing to the flute: music and dance in Indian art, Sydney, 1997, 164, 165 (colour illus.). cat.no. 100 See 'Further Information' for text.
Rachel Kent, Shahzia Sikander, Sydney, 2007, 98 (colour illus.).