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Kabir tending his loom

circa 1740


Unknown Artist

  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    North India India
    Late Mughal circa 1720 - 1857 → India
    circa 1740
    Media categories
    Miniature , Painting , Watercolour
    Materials used
    opaque watercolour on paper
    21.8 x 12.7 cm image; 28.5 x 19 cm sheet
    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Bequest of Mr J. Kitto 1986
    Not on display
    Accession number

    Reproduction requests

  • About

    'Too many, many roles,
    these parts I've played,
    and now I'll part from them.
    Too tired of all pretense,
    Tuning, tuning the strings,
    and now it's over, done -
    Thanks to the name of Ram [God],
    I haven't another dance to dance and my mind
    Can no longer manoeuvre the drum.
    Life's postures love, hate -
    lost to the flames:
    The craving-filled kettle drum finally burst.'

    (in Embree, 1988, 374)

    In the song ('pada'), the mystic poet Kabir (1440-1518), one of the best known poets in North India, and a pioneer of Hindi devotional verse, has used the dancer as a metaphor for the overcoming of desire. In another song, similarly reflective of his wise teaching, he uses the musk deer, searching for the fragrance of the musk without realising it emanates from itself, as a metaphor for the finding of god within oneself.

    By tradition a low caste weaver from Benares, Kabir became a symbol for self-respect movements amongst the lower castes - their guru who taught them using the vernacular. He is also the founder and one of the greatest figures of the Sant tradition, a counterpart of the 'bhakti' movement which, like it, emphasised love as the characteristic emotion of true religion. The Sant rejected all Hindu ceremonies, scriptures, and caste distinction, teaching that the path to enlightenment was within oneself.

    Paintings of Kabir are rare, and this modest example depicts him weaving in humble surroundings. Kabir's teachings reflect both Hindu and Muslim traditions and one of the many legends about him (as also related of Guru Nanak) concerns his death at which time his Hindu followers wanted to cremate his body, but the Muslims insisted on burial. When they drew back the sheet over the corpse, it had turned to flowers. [JM]

    Jim Masselos, 'Dancing to the flute - Music and dance in Indian art', AGNSW, 1997. pg. 164-165.

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 3 exhibitions

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 3 publications