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Collection

An image of The flood in the Darling 1890 by WC Piguenit

WC Piguenit

(Australia 27 Aug 1836 – 17 Jul 1914)

Title
The flood in the Darling 1890
Year
(1895)
Media category
Painting
Materials used
oil on canvas
Dimensions

122.5 x 199.3 cm stretcher; 172.5 x 248.6 x 16.0 cm frame

Signature & date
Signed l.l. corner, "W.C. Piguenit". Not dated.
Credit
Purchased 1895
Accession number
6105
Location
19th c Australian art
Further information

'The flood in the Darling 1890' is one of several ambitious canvases painted by WC Piguenit in response to the devastating rains that inundated the western region of New South Wales in 1890. It reflects his respect for the terrifying yet sublime power of nature so admired by exponents of 19th-century German Romantic painting. The largest flood recorded since 1864, waters broke the embankment and submerged the remote township of Bourke – an event Piguenit witnessed first hand. However, rather than depicting the destroyed buildings and railway lines, and the loss of livestock and human life, he has rendered the calm after the deluge. A vast expanse of sky, land and water is rendered as a symphonic celebration, with billowing purplish-hued clouds reflected across a vast glistening expanse reaching towards the viewer – ibises the only living creatures populating the tranquil landscape.

Son of a convict transported to Van Diemen's Land in 1830, William Charles Piguenit was raised and schooled in Hobart, and spent 22 years working in the Department of Lands survey office as a draughtsman. Although he received rudimentary instruction in painting, he was largely self taught. After leaving the survey office in 1872, he began making sketching and photography trips to remote and spectacular regions in the Tasmanian wilderness. He achieved early success through public patronage when he exhibited his works in the annual Sydney and Melbourne academy shows.

His striking 'Mount Olympus, Lake St Clair, Tasmania, source of the Derwent' was the first work by an Australian-born artist to be acquired, in 1875, by the Art Gallery of New South Wales. That same year, Piguenit joined an artists and photographers camp in the Grose Valley in the Blue Mountains. By 1880 Piguenit had settled in Sydney with his family. Continued patronage by the Gallery enabled him to tour New South Wales and Tasmania, providing fresh inspiration for his grand, sweeping landscapes and measured studies of the natural environment.

Piguenit continued his successful career well into the 20th century, including the completion, in 1903, of the commanding 'Mount Kosciusko' which was commissioned by the trustees of this Gallery; the majestic depiction of the continent’s highest peak marking the enormity of the Federation of Australia in 1901.

Bibliography (50)

Art Gallery of New South Wales, Art Gallery of New South Wales picturebook, Sydney, 1972, 75 (colour illus.).

Julian Ashton., Daily telegraph, ‘National Art Gallery: The Australian Court’, Sydney, 27 Sep 1905, unknown.

William Barton (Editor), Wilderness, the future: papers from the fourth National Wilderness Conference, 1993, Sydney, 1994, 176 (illus.).

Tim Bonyhady, Images in opposition: Australian landscape painting 1801-1890, 'The wilderness intact', pg. 81-86, Melbourne, 1985, opposite pg. 82 (colour illus.), 84. plate no. 13

Edmund Capon and Jan Meek (Editors), Portrait of a gallery, 'Australian Art in the Old Courts', pg. 24-37, Sydney, 1984, 26 (colour illus.).

Edmund Capon, Art Gallery of New South Wales: highlights from the collection, Sydney, 2008, 57 (colour illus.).

Jane Clark, Art Monthly Australia, 'New worlds from old: 19th Century Australian and American landscape', pg. 4-6, Acton, May 1998, 4-6, 5 (illus.).

Deutscher-Menzies, Sydney and Lawson-Menzies, Deutscher-Menzies & Lawson-Menzies, Sydney: Major fine art auction - 25 March 2009, Sydney, 2009, 58-59. NOTE: Related work; lot no. 35; titled 'The flood on the Darling River, New South Wales'; dated circa 1890; oil on canvas.

Dinah Dysart, Art and Australia (Vol. 29, No. 4), 'W.C. Piguenit: 19th century environmentalist', pg. 480-487, Sydney, Winter 1992, 485 (illus.).

George Galway, Fifty years of Australian art 1879-1929, New South Wales, 1929, 55 (sepia).

Grafton Galleries, Exhibition of Australian art in London, London, 1898. cat.no. 100

Anne Gray, Australia, 'Art nation: Australian landscape 1880-1920', pg. 146-183, London, 2013, 153, 155 (colour illus.). cat.no. 92

Simon Gregg, New romantics: darkness and light in Australian art, ‘The Australian sublime’, pg. 27-45, North Melbourne, 2011, 35, 36 (colour illus.).

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Bruce James, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Australian Collection: Painting and Sculpture', pg. 102-181, Sydney, 1999, 121 (colour illus.).

Christa E. Johannes and Tony Brown, W.C. Piguenit 1836-1914: retrospective, Hobart, 1992, 30-31, 48, 59 (colour illus.), 104. cat.no. 37

Paul Kane, Drowned lands: poems, South Carolina, 2000, dust jacket (colour illus., front cover).

Ewen McDonald, The Art Gallery of New South Wales collections, 'From Colonialism to late Modernism', pg. 7-106, Sydney, 1994, 20 (colour illus.), 21.

John McDonald, Art of Australia. Vol 1: Exploration to Federation, ‘The mania and force of the stream’, pg. 149-224, Sydney, 2008, 218-219 (colour illus.).

Hal Missingham, A retrospective exhibition of Australian painting, Sydney, 1953. cat.no. 57

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Emilie Owens, Turner to Monet: the triumph of landscape painting, 'W.C. Piguenit', pg. 144, Canberra, 2008, 144, 145 (colour illus.). cat.no. 49

Robert Pascoe, Overland (no. 175), 'Landscapes of childhood', pg. 27-29, Melbourne, Winter 2004, 28 (illus.).

Barry Pearce, Creating Australia: 200 years of art 1788-1988, 'Deluge of Pitiless Silence', pg.104-105, Melbourne, 1988, 8, 104-105, 105 (colour illus.), 234-235, 247.

Barry Pearce, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Australian', pg. 13-35, Sydney, 1988, 16-17.

Ron Radford, Our country: Australian Federation landscape 1900-1914, 'Big pictures', pg. 36-46, Adelaide, 2001, 38, 42.

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Anne Ryan, Australian art: in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Colonial eyes', pg. 17-36, Sydney, 2000, 18, 36 (colour illus.), 301.

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Editor Unknown (Editor), Sydney mail and New South Wales advertiser, Sydney, 12 Oct 1895, 75 (illus.).

Editor Unknown (Editor), Sotheby's Melbourne: Important Australian Art, 24 November 2008, Australia, 2008, 48.

Editor Unknown (Editor), Daily telegraph, 'The Art Society of New South Wales: Annual exhibition of pictures', Sydney, 28 Sep 1895, 10.

Editor Unknown (Editor), Bulletin, Sydney, 05 Oct 1895, page unknown.

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Exhibition history (6)

Sixteenth Annual Exhibition of the Art Society of New South Wales (1895), Society Rooms, Union Chambers, Sydney, 28 Sep 1895 -

A retrospective exhibition of Australian painting, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 25 Sep 1953–25 Oct 1953

W.C. Piguenit 1836-1914:

New Worlds From Old: Australian and American Landscape Painting in the Nineteenth Century:

The triumph of landscape: Turner to Monet, National Gallery of Australia, Parkes, 14 Mar 2008–09 Jul 2008

Australia, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 21 Sep 2013–08 Dec 2013