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An image of Untitled by Robert Ambrose Cole

Robert Ambrose Cole

(Australia 1959 – Dec 1994)

Language group
Warramunga, Central Desert region
Place of origin
Alice SpringsNorthern TerritoryAustralia
Media category
Materials used
synthetic polymer paint on paper on canvas

77.0 x 57.0 x 3.3 cm stretcher

Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Mollie Gowing Acquisition Fund for Contemporary Aboriginal Art 1993
Accession number
© Reproduced with permission of Utopia Art Sydney
Not on display
Further information

'I was born in Alice Springs. I paint my mother's and my father's country. My mother's country is Banka Banka, Warramunga people, north of Tennant Creek. Most of my paintings are from around Aputula, Finke, my father's country. His country is south of Alice Springs, the sand hills on the edge of the Simpson Desert ... My images come from all over the place.'

Robert Ambrose Cole was a self-taught artist who lived and worked in Mparntwe (Alice Springs). Cole's style of painting was influenced by his years growing up in an urban centre, exposed to the art movements of the Central and Western Deserts. He experimented with both acrylic dot painting and the European-influenced landscapes of the Hermannsburg watercolourists, whose proponents included Albert Namatjira and Otto Pareroultja. While Cole maintained both forms of practice, their synthesis led to his shimmering white dot paintings, in which figures and shapes emerge. These works combine a translucency and subtlety, influenced by the watercolours, with Cole's obvious stylistic affinity with dot painting.

Cole often emulated natural ochres with acrylic colours. In 'Untitled', 313.1993, through careful placement and very subtle variations in the size of the dots, he builds up a pattern of square forms that appear within the field. This work's intensity is similar to op art, as the viewer tries to define the grid-like shapes that emerge and retreat into the oscillating white field painted over an ochre-brown background. The tracks of lines of dots that create the grid give an almost map like appearance to the work as the eye charts a path across its surface. At the same time, the painting remains resolutely abstract and is not connected to a particular story and place.

In 'Untitled', 312.1993, Cote painted dots in lines that curve across the paper, defining two forms from the ochre background. These two shapes have been described in many ways: as deriving from ceremonial body markings; as suggesting the dramatic gorges that cut through rock formations in the desert near Mparntwe; or as recalling the shapes of hunting boomerangs. While these may all be possible sources or references in this work, the brown shapes are also abstract, grounded in both traditional Aboriginal culture and a very contemporary painterly experimentation with colour and form.

Wayne Tunnicliffe in 'Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia', Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2004

© Art Gallery of New South Wales

Bibliography (4)

Deborah Edwards, One sun one moon: Aboriginal art in Australia, ‘Histories in the making: Aboriginal Art and modernism’, pg. 51-63, Sydney, 2007, 56 (colour illus.).

Victoria Lynn (Editor), Australian Perspecta 1993, Sydney, 1993, 22, 23 (colour illus.).

Margo Neale, Yiribana: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander collection, Sydney, 1994, cover (colour illus.), 110, 111 (colour illus.), 136, 139. plate no. 53

Wayne Tunnicliffe, Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia, 'Robert Ambrose Cole', pg. 40, Sydney, 2004, 40 (colour illus.), 41 (colour illus., detail).

Exhibition history (4)

Australian Perspecta 1993, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 06 Oct 1993–28 Nov 1993

Gamarada, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 15 Nov 1996–16 Feb 1997

Another Country, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 04 Jul 1999–02 Apr 2000

Robert Cole, Utopia Art Sydney, Waterloo