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An image of Sentinel by Oliffe Richmond

Oliffe Richmond

(Australia, United Kingdom 08 Nov 1919 – 26 Feb 1977)

Place of origin
Media category
Materials used

147.5 x 29.0 x 24.0 cm

Signature & date
Signed inside base, incised "OR ...".
Purchased 1967
Accession number
© Oliffe Richmond Estate
20th & 21st c Australian art
Further information

Much of the active career of this Hobart-born sculptor was spent in London, where he lived and taught from the late 1940s until his death in 1977. Inspired by the work of Henry Moore, Richmond was a full-time assistant to him in 1949-50, continuing to count the revered English sculptor a mentor and friend. The carving techniques of his compatriots Ola Cohn and Lyndon Dadswell were of early significance to Richmond, their monumental effects giving way in his work to more attenuated forms. Richmond produced a sequence of standing figures in bronze, a material that suited his increasing interest in the scarification and corrosion of sculptural surface as a metaphor for inner states. Sentinel epitomises these stark, aggrieved, yet rigidly armoured personages. Though the reductionism of Giacometti is operative, Richmond's own excavatory strategies and emotional defensiveness dominate.

Art Gallery Handbook 1999

Bibliography (10)

Arts Centre New Metropole, Zeitgenössische Malerei und Skulpturen australischer Künstler in Europa, England, 1963, (illus.). 45; bronze; not paginated

Arts Centre New Metropole, Australian painting and sculpture in Europe today, England, 1963, (illus.). 45; bronze; not paginated

Deborah Edwards, Australian art: in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Mosaic and figure', pg. 213-214, Sydney, 2000, 223 (colour illus.), 302.

Bruce James, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Australian Collection: Painting and Sculpture', pg. 102-181, Sydney, 1999, 164 (colour illus.).

Ewen McDonald, The Art Gallery of New South Wales collections, 'From Colonialism to late Modernism', pg. 7-106, Sydney, 1994, 74 (colour illus.).

Ken Scarlett, Australian Sculptors, 'Oliffe Richmond', pg. 560-63, Melbourne, 1980, 561 (illus.).

Editor Unknown (Editor), 1967 Acquisitions, Sydney, 1967, 41. 54

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Canberra times, Ainslie, 08 Jun 1967, page unknown.

Editor Unknown (Editor), Bulletin, Sydney, 17 Jun 1967, page unknown.

Editor Unknown (Editor), Sun-Herald, Sydney, 11 Jun 1967, page unknown.

Exhibition history (6)

Oliffe Richmond (1962), Molton Gallery, London, 12 Sep 1962–29 Sep 1962

Australian painting and sculpture in Europe today (1963):

Oliffe Richmond, Recent Sculpture (1967):

Acquisitions 1967, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 06 Mar 1968–01 Apr 1968

Oliffe Richmond (1968), David Jones' Art Gallery, Sydney, Sydney, 17 Jun 1968–06 Jul 1968

25th Anniversary Exhibition of the Society of Sculptors and Associates (1976), Sculptors Society at the Sculpture Centre, Australia, 21 Sep 1976–09 Oct 1976