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Collection

Aibom Village, Chambri Lake, Middle Sepik River, East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea

Title
Roof finial with female figure surmounted by a bird
Other titles:
Roof ornament - female figure surmounted by a bird
Place of origin
Aibom VillageChambri LakeMiddle Sepik RiverEast Sepik ProvincePapua New Guinea
Cultural origin
Iatmul people
Year
collected 1961
Media categories
Ceramic, Sculpture
Materials used
earthenware, modelled, red, white and black natural pigments
Dimensions

43.2 cm height:

0 - Whole; 43.2 cm

Credit
Gift of Stan Moriarty 1968
Accession number
IA1.1968
Location
Not on display
Further information

Aibom village is located near Chambri Lake in the Middle Sepik region of Papua New Guinea, and was settled by Iatmul-speaking peoples. It is one of the most important pottery manufacturing villages in the Sepik area, where fire-hearths, bowls, eating dishes, sago jars, and gable-ridge ornaments are traded for food with people who live in the hill country.

The pots themselves are usually made by the women during the wet season, however, the carving and other representational modelling was always done by the men of the village, perhaps as these images often represent clan totems or cultural heroes. In making the gable ornaments of men's houses, women form the pot that serves as a base, and on it men model the image of a human head or of a hermaphrodite surmounted by an eagle. In the past, men used to paint the vessels as well, however now women often both decorate and paint smaller pots that are made for sale.

The potter starts with a pinch pot and then adds thick, rolled coils to build up the form, the sides of which are then smoothed to complete the pot. The pots are then dried, and decoration is added. Before being fired, the pots are then set out in the sun to dry completely. The pots are fired by heaping dried sago palm fronds over the pottery, which takes about 30-60 minutes, and are ready when they have turned orange, producing a very low fire pottery.

Bibliography (3)

Tony Tuckson, Aboriginal and Melanesian art, Sydney, 1973, 45. cat.no. 75

Editor Unknown (Editor), Art Gallery of New South Wales Quarterly, Sydney, Apr 1972, (illus.).

Editor Unknown (Editor), Art Gallery of New South Wales Quarterly, Sydney, Apr 1969, front cover (illus.), 454.

Exhibition history (1)

Aboriginal and Melanesian art, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 19 Oct 1974 -