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Title

The fourteen auspicious dreams of Queen Trishala, a folio from A folio from the Kalpasutra


Artists

Unknown Artist


About

The most popular of all the Jain scriptures was the 'Kalpasutra', or 'Book of precepts', which is believed to have been composed around 300BCE. This sutra is a biography of the last 'jina', or Jain 'conqueror', Mahavira (c599-527 BCE) and this scene from the 'Kalpasutra' illustrates Mahavira's mother Queen Trishala's dream in which she sees 14 auspicious objects that allude to the miracle of Mahavira's birth. The objects are: a lion, an elephant, a bull, the goddess Lakshmi, a pair of garlands, the moon, the sun, a banner, an overflowing pot, a lake with lotuses, the milky ocean, a celestial chariot, a heap of jewels and a smokeless fire. These are symbols of kingship or sovereignty and indicate the importance of the newborn child.

The Asian Collections, AGNSW, 2003, pg.36.


Details


Place where the work was made

Gujarat India


Cultural origin

Jain Manuscript


Date

early 16th century


Materials used

opaque watercolour with gold on paper


Dimensions

11.0 x 7.5 cm image; 11.0 x 26.0 cm sheet


Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Credit

Purchased 1969


Location

Not on display


Accession number

EP2.1969



Shown in 4 exhibitions

Exhibition history


Referenced in 5 publications

Bibliography


John Guy and O.P. Agrawal, Palm-leaf and paper: illustrated manuscripts of India and Southeast Asia, Victoria, 1982, 31, 32 (illus.). cat.no. 3

Jim Masselos, Divine and Courtly Life in Indian Painting, Sydney, 1991. cat.no. 2.1

Jackie Menzies (Editor), The Asian Collections Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Mughals and Maharajas: The Miniature Paintings of Courtly India', Sydney, 2003, 36 (colour illus.), 36 (colour illus., detail).

Haema Sivanesan, Indian painting, 'Indian Painting', verso of poster., Sydney, 2001. cat.no. 1.1

Haema Sivanesan, Look, 'Indian Painting', pg. 20-21, Melbourne, Mar 2001, 20 (colour illus.), 21.