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An image of Phalden Lhamo and her retinue by An image of Phalden Lhamo and her retinue by An image of Phalden Lhamo and her retinue by


Phalden Lhamo and her retinue
Other titles:
Phalden Lhamo Remati
Sri Devi riding a mule with attendant Gods
Place of origin
late 18th century-early 19th century
Media category
Materials used
thangka; distemper on sized cotton with silk brocade mount

134 x 80.0 cm; 144.6 x 85.3 cm frame

Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Purchased 1962
Accession number
Not on display
Further information

Phalden Lhamo is a major protector deity and the only goddess in the group of deities known as the Dharmapala. A favourite deity of the Gelukpa ('Yellow Hat') sect, Phalden Lhamo is regarded as a protector of the Dalai Lama and the city of Lhasa. As a protector deity, Phalden Lhamo is depicted with a wrathful demeanour, riding an untamed mule through a sea of entrails and blood. Blue-black and haggish with three bulging eyes, upturned nose, ferocious mouth and flaming hair topped by a skull crown, she holds a skull bowl filled with bleeding organs and plucked-out eyeballs, and brandishes a 'vajra'-topped club. Below, her retinue includes the minor female divinities ('dakinis') Makaravaktra' ('crocodile-faced'), who leads her mule, and Simhavaktra, the red-bodied, lion-faced deity. This 'thangka' retains its traditional silk brocade mount.

The Asian Collections, AGNSW, 2003, pg.61.

Bibliography (1)

Jackie Menzies (Editor), The Asian Collections Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2003, 61 (colour illus.).

Exhibition history (1)

A survey of Indian art (1967), Fisher Library, University of Sydney, Sydney, 06 Sep 1967–23 Sep 1967