Frank Hinder was born in Sydney and studied under Datillo Rubbo at the Royal Art Society in 1924, and at East Sydney Technical College 1925-27 with Lyndon Dadswell. In 1927-28 he studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, where he concentrated on drawing. In 1929-30 he studied commercial art at the New York School of Fine and Applied Art and at the Master Institute at Roerich Museum where he had followed two of his teachers at the School of Fine and Applied art, Howard Giles and Emil Bisttram, both committed modernists. He married sculptor Margel Harris in 1930. In 1933 he attended Emil Bisttram's Summer School at Taos, Mexico and taught part-time at the Child-Walker School, Boston 1931-34. The Hinders returned to Sydney in 1934, where they became associated with the Sydney modernists Rah Fizelle, Grace Crowley and Ralph Balson, and later with sculptor Eleanore Lange, with whom Frank organized 'Exhibition 1', the first exhibition of abstract art in Australia.
In 1975 he recalled that his interest in lithography was probably aroused as early as 1914, by a special edition of 'The Studio' that featured the work of Daumier and Gavarni; casual encounters with lithographs by Mexican artists Carlos Orozco Romero and Emil Bisttram, the experience of drawing with lithographic crayon while a student in New York. The loan of a book from Robert Emerson Curtis, 'Metal plate lithography', also contributed to his interest. "In 1939, after some searching, I bought a small press (28'' bed), read about Senefelder (who discovered the process), Rex Whistler and others, bought some metal plates and felt I was all set to print lithographs" (Lin Bloomfield, 'Frank Hinder lithographs', North Sydney: Odana Editions, pg. 20). Materials and equipment were hard to find in Sydney, a situation exacerbated by the war - it was not until after the war that he could obtain lithographic stones. He made the majority of his lithographs in the years 1939-61. The subway was a recurring theme in Hinder's work in the years 1929 - 1953, when he was inspired by Wynyard Station in Sydney, and the city's trams and trains. The first proofs of 'Subway' were pulled at the artist's Gordon studio, as a single image (Bloomfield, 55), but in this edition, the image was printed twice, deliberately off-register, once in black and once in brown.
Hendrik Kolenberg and Anne Ryan, 'Australian prints from the Gallery's collection', AGNSW, 1998
Subway (double image)
lithograph from stone, brown and black ink on ivory wove cartridge paper
25.2 x 31.3 cm image (irreg.); 26.3 x 32.4 cm sheet
Signature & date
Signed with monogram on stone to print twice l.r., black and brown ink "FCH". Signed l.r., pencil "F C HINDER". Not dated.
Not on display
Shown in 7 exhibitions
Purchases and Acquisitions for 1961, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 04 Apr 1962–25 May 1962
Australian Print Survey:
- National Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide Oct 1963–Nov 1963
- Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney 10 Jun 1964–28 Jun 1964
- Newcastle Region Art Gallery, Newcastle Jul 1964 -
- Queensland Art Gallery, South Brisbane Aug 1964–Sep 1964
- Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart Sep 1964–Oct 1964
- National Gallery of Victoria [Swanston Street], Melbourne Nov 1964–Dec 1964
Balson, Crowley, Fizelle, Hinder:
Frank and Margel Hinder retrospective (1973), Newcastle Art Gallery, Newcastle, 30 Aug 1973–30 Sep 1973
Frank and Margel Hinder 1930-1980, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 12 Jun 1980–13 Jul 1980
Modernism 1900-1950: prints and drawings from the collection, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 23 Jul 1994–25 Sep 1994
Australian prints from the Gallery's collection (1998-1999), Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 06 Nov 1998–07 Feb 1999
Referenced in 5 publications
Lin Bloomfield, Frank Hinder lithographs, Sydney, 1978, 18, 149 (illus.), 118 (colour illus.). cat.no. 56
Renée Free, Modernism 1900-1950: prints and drawings from the collection, Sydney, 1994.
Hendrik Kolenberg and Anne Ryan, Australian prints from the Gallery's collection, Sydney, 1998, 78 (illus.). cat.no. 65
John Slater, Through artists' eyes: Australian suburbs and their cities 1919-1945, 'Continuity and change', pg. 35-70, Melbourne, 2004, 70 (colour illus.). illus.no. 52
David Thomas, Frank and Margel Hinder Retrospective, Newcastle, 1973. cat.no. 56