(Australia 1931 – )
19.1 x 28.2 cm image; 25.4 x 30.4 cm sheet
Unlike many conceptual artists of the 70s who reacted against the doctrine of formal abstraction, Ken Unsworth extended it by reincorporating human emotions into the arrangement of form and space. In his early sculptures of suspended or propped rocks, Unsworth enhanced such concerns through the use and control of the forces of gravity. The tension produced by supporting an inherently heavy material with thin wire or wooden sticks added a theatrical element akin to viewing a tightrope walker or balancing acrobat.
'Five secular settings for sculpture as ritual and burial piece' is an extension of Unsworth's work as a sculptor. This carefully staged series of performances held at the Institute of Contemporary Art in Sydney in 1975 used theatrical lighting and a curtain between the action and the audience to reveal each 'setting' in turn. Requiring a great deal of personal endurance, the actions used Unsworth's body as an element within a formal sculptural setting to convey a tension much like
his work with suspended and propped rocks: when the curtains opened, they revealed Unsworth suspended upside down from a pole, or in another setting he was suspended by his neck from two vast beams. Each of these settings had a strongly sculptural quality even though they were ephemeral.
The final 'burial piece' differed from the 'Five secular settings' in that it entailed both sound and a theatrical build-up of tension. Unsworth's body, standing inside a glass box, was slowly covered with sand while his heartbeat was monitored and amplified. The audience listened while he was fully covered, until the dramatic conclusion when an assistant smashed the glass box with a sledge-hammer and the sand poured out onto the ground. Unlike his other settings, this was not so much a formal sculptural pose but an action sequence and one that was set up to be theatrical in its effect.
In his subsequent work, Unsworth developed and expanded two important elements of these early performances: first the idea of performance as installation, and second the use of theatrical lighting and sound including musical scores. In later works the installation itself became more important and Unsworth's own presence within the installation played a lesser role. For the 1982 Biennale of Sydney, he exhibited 'Rhythms of childhood', an installation with light, sound and mechanical move-ment that included the ominous presence of himself sitting silently in the corner wearing a mask. In other installations, the performative element was played solely by mechanical elements combined with light and sound.
© Art Gallery of New South Wales Contemporary Collection Handbook, 2006
Anthony Bond, Body, 'Embodying the Real', pg. 11-80, Sydney, 1997, 55. cat.no. 151
Michael Wardell, Ken Unsworth, 'Ken Unsworth: Biographical Notes', pg. 9, Melbourne, 1998, 9, 19, 55 (illus.).
Michael Wardell, Contemporary: Art Gallery of New South Wales Contemporary Collection, 'Ideas and actions', pg.60-107, Sydney, 2006, 102 (illus.).
Body, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 12 Sep 1997–16 Nov 1997
Ken Unsworth, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 02 Oct 1998–15 Nov 1998