(Australia, England, France 12 Jun 1863–10 Oct 1931)
43.2 x 40.6 x 2.2cm
After six years studying sculpture in Paris and London, Mackennal returned to Australia in 1888 to execute two commissions. He became the centre of controversy in Melbourne over the worthiness of his entry in a competition for a major bronze figure group to be placed outside the National Gallery of Victoria. Debate raged in the press and came to the attention of Sarah Bernhardt, then established as the world's greatest living actress. She recommended that Mackennal return to Paris as "he is buried alive here". Mackennal was to become good friends with Bernhardt, who toured Australia in 1891, and taking her advice he returned to Paris, where he completed her relief portrait in bronze.
Australian Art Department, AGNSW, 2000
Denise Mimmocchi (Australia) (Author), Australian Symbolism: the art of dreams, Sydney, 2012, 38, 39 (colour illus.).
Deborah Edwards (Australia) (Author), Bertram Mackennal: the fifth Balnaves Foundation Sculpture Project, Sydney, 2007, 52, 54, 110, 164 (colour illus., detail), 165 (colour illus.).
Bertram Mackennal: Catalogue raisonné 2007, 2007, (colour illus.). Artworks: Sculpture: 1890s
Deborah Edwards (Australia) (Author), Presence & absence: portrait sculpture in Australia, Canberra, 2003, 42, 44 (colour illus.), 46, 82. cat.no. 50
Barry Pearce (Australia) (Author), Australian art: in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Domain, 2000, 90 (colour illus.), 301.
Australian icons: twenty artists from the collection, Sydney, 2000.
Corille Fraser (Author), Come to Dazzle - Sarah Bernhardt's Australian Tour, Strawberry Hills, 1998, 138, 340 (illus.).
Annabel Davie (Editor), Art Gallery of New South Wales Handbook, Domain, 1988, 23 (illus.).
Deborah Edwards (Australia) (Author), Australian sculpture 1890-1919, Domain, 1987. no catalogue numbers
'The influence of Sarah Bernhardt's Australian Tour'., 1890s: aspects of the gallery 1986, 1986, (illus.).
Peter Haynes (Australia) (Compilator), Famous people: a selective who's who from works in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 1981, 2 (illus.).
Ken Scarlett (b.1927) (Author), Australian Sculptors, Melbourne, 1980, 404 (illus.).
'Australian collection' by Daniel Thomas, pg. 52-62., Art and Australia [vol. 10, no. 1] Jul 1972, Jul 1972, 60 (illus.).
Editor Unknown (Editor), Art Gallery of New South Wales picturebook, Domain, 1972, 88 (colour illus.).
Lionel Lindsay (Australia, b.1874, d.1961) (Author), 150 years of Australian art, Sydney, 1938. cat.no. 172
Macquarie Galleries (Australia, estab. 1925, closed 1993) (Author), Exhibition of bronzes by Sir Bertram Mackennal K.C.V.O, Sydney, 1926. cat.no. 38; titled 'Relief - Sara [sic] Bernhardt'; priced NFS
International Society of Scupltors, Painters and Gravers (Author), A catalogue of the pictures & sculpture in the seventh exhibition of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters & Gravers., London, 1907. cat.no. 273
Leonard Forrer (active 1955; 1987) (Author), Biographical dictionary of medallists: coin, gem, and seal-engravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D, London, 1907, 524.
Twenty-fourth exhibition of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, International Society of Scupltors, Painters and Gravers, Jan 1907–Mar 1907.
Exhibition of bronzes by Sir Bertram Mackennal K.C.V.O, Macquarie Galleries, 07 Oct 1926–20 Oct 1926.
Early Australian scupture: from its beginnings up to circa 1920, City of Ballarat Fine Art Gallery, 15 Mar 1977.
Australian sculpture 1890-1919, Art Gallery of New South Wales, 22 Jan 1987–22 Feb 1989.
Australian icons: twenty artists from the collection, Art Gallery of New South Wales, 04 Aug 2000–03 Dec 2000.
Presence and absence: portrait sculpture in Australia, National Portrait Gallery [Old Parliament House], 22 Aug 2003–16 Nov 2003.
Bertram Mackennal, Art Gallery of New South Wales, 17 Aug 2007–04 Nov 2007.
Bertram Mackennal, Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia, 30 Nov 2007–24 Feb 2008.