The railway station, Redfern
Australia, England, Australia
08 Apr 1867 - 01 Sep 1943
The subject of this work is the old Redfern Station, situated on Devonshire Street, just south of where Sydney's Central Station is now located. Painted three years after Arthur Streeton first visited Sydney, 'The railway station, Redfern' is an atmospheric study of rain and light. It falls within the tradition of tonal paintings of wet urban scenes which existed alongside the nationalistic evocations of sunlight and heat in Australian painting of this period.
Streeton's choice of modern railway subject matter and his evocative approach were influenced by French and British impressionism as well as the decorative, asymmetrical design and flattened picture plane of Japanese woodcuts.
The railway station
Old Redfern Station
oil on canvas
40.8 x 61.0 cm stretcher; 63.0 x 83.0 x 5.5 cm frame
Signature & date
Signed and dated l.r. corner, brown oil "Arthur Streeton/ 1893.".
Gift of Lady Denison 1942
Where the work was made
Shown in 21 exhibitions
Fourteenth Annual Exhibition of the Art Society of New South Wales (1893), Society Rooms, Union Chambers, Sydney, 1893 -
Streeton's Sydney sunshine exhibition (1896), Exhibition Venue Unknown, 30 Nov 1896 -
Loan exhibition of Australian Art (1918), Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 04 Apr 1918–1918
Arthur Streeton memorial exhibition:
- National Gallery of Victoria [Swanston Street], Melbourne 05 Sep 1944–07 Oct 1944
- National Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide 09 Nov 1944–10 Dec 1944
- Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney 12 Apr 1945–20 May 1945
Jubilee exhibition of Australian art:
- Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart 12 Mar 1951–31 Mar 1951
- Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, Launceston 09 Apr 1951–28 Apr 1951
- Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney 25 Jun 1951–21 Jul 1951
- Queensland Art Gallery, South Brisbane 06 Aug 1951–01 Sep 1951
- Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide 24 Sep 1951–20 Oct 1951
- Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth 12 Nov 1951–10 Dec 1951
A retrospective exhibition of Australian painting, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 25 Sep 1953–25 Oct 1953
The Arts Festival of the Olympic Games (1956), National Gallery of Victoria [Swanston Street], Melbourne, 18 Nov 1956–15 Dec 1956
Australian paintings by Arthur Streeton and Arthur Boyd: The XXIX Venice Biennale (1958), Exhibition Venue Unknown, 1958–1958
Australian Painting: Colonial, Impressionist, Contemporary (1962-63):
European masters and Australian painting from Australian collections:
A century of Australian landscape painting: mood and moment:
Golden Summers - Heidelberg and beyond:
- National Gallery of Victoria [St Kilda Road], Melbourne 30 Oct 1985–27 Jan 1986
- Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney 21 Feb 1986–20 Apr 1986
- Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide 09 May 1986–29 Jun 1986
- Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth 30 Jul 1986–14 Sep 1986
Two hundred years of Australian painting : Nature, people and art in the southern continent:
Paint on the tracks: Australian artists and the railway, S.H. Ervin Gallery, The Rocks, 22 Apr 1994–29 May 1994
- National Gallery of Victoria [St Kilda Road], Melbourne 08 Dec 1995–12 Feb 1996
- Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide 01 Mar 1996–14 Apr 1996
- Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth 01 May 1996–16 Jun 1996
- Queensland Art Gallery, South Brisbane 08 Jul 1996–25 Aug 1996
- Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney 11 Oct 1996–24 Nov 1996
New Worlds From Old: Australian and American Landscape Painting in the Nineteenth Century:
- National Gallery of Australia, Parkes 07 Mar 1998–17 May 1998
- Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, United States of America 12 Sep 1998–06 Dec 1998
- The Corcoran Gallery of Art, United States of America 26 Jan 1999–18 Apr 1999
Australian icons: twenty artists from the collection, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 04 Aug 2000–03 Dec 2000
Favourites: Margaret Olley and Jeffrey Smart (2002), S.H. Ervin Gallery, The Rocks, 12 Jan 2002–24 Feb 2002
Sydney studios, S.H. Ervin Gallery, The Rocks, 14 Aug 2004–26 Sep 2004
Australian Impressionism, Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia, Melbourne, 31 Mar 2007–08 Jul 2007
Streeton's Sydney, S.H. Ervin Gallery, The Rocks, 04 Aug 2007–23 Sep 2007
Referenced in 69 publications
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Art Gallery of New South Wales picturebook, Sydney, 1972, 81 (colour illus.).
Leigh Astbury, Sunlight and shadow: Australian impressionist painters 1880-1900, 'Sun-girdled Queen: Sydney in the 1890s', pg. 107-132, Rushcutters Bay, 1989, 124 (colour illus.). plate no. 9
Australian Gallery Directors Council, Old master paintings from the USSR: A survey of four centuries of European art. Report, Sydney, 1979, (illus.). cat.no. 58
Herbert Badham, A gallery of Australian art, Sydney, 1954, (colour illus.). plate no. 13
David Burke, Juggernaut! A story of Sydney in the wild days of the steam trams., '1889: up for sale', pg. 88-92, Sydney, 1997, 93 (colour illus.).
Edmund Capon and Jan Meek (Editors), Portrait of a Gallery, 'Australian art in the old courts', pg. 24-41, Sydney, 1984, 35 (colour illus.).
Jane Clark, Golden summers: Heidelberg and beyond, 'Sydney Harbour', pg. 150-152, Melbourne, 1985, 159 (colour illus.), 160.
St. Stanislaus College, Western Advocate, 'An insight into Streeton art era', pg. 8, Bathurst, 04 Dec 1996, 8.
Jonathan Cooper (Editor), The Art Gallery of New South Wales Bulletin, 'The art of Arthur Streeton', pg. 20-23, Sydney, Aug 1996-Oct 1996, 21 (colour illus.), back cover (colour illus.). The image appearing on the back cover is in detail.
Robert Croll and Lionel Lindsay, Arthur Streeton memorial exhibition, Adelaide, 1944. cat.no. 100; titled 'Old Redfern station'.
Geoffrey Dutton, Arthur Streeton 1867-1943 a biographical sketch, Brisbane, 1987, 33 (colour illus.).
Mary Eagle, Australian Impressionism, 'Friendly rivalry: paintings of waterside Sydney, 1888 and 1890', pg. 103-108, Melbourne, 2007, 108, 206, 338, 213 (colour illus.). cat.no. 11.7
Farmer & Co Limited (Compilator), Catalogue exhibition and sale of paintings by Arthur Streeton, Sydney, Nov 1923, 8.
Brian Finemore., The arts in Australia: Australian Impressionism, 'Freedom from prejudice: an introduction to the Australian collection in the national Gallery of Victoria', Melbourne, 1977, 26 (illus.).
Gavin Fry, Paint on the tracks: Australian artists and the railway, 'Introduction', pg. 7-10, Sydney, 1994, cover (colour illus., detail), 24, 25 (colour illus.). cat.no. 6
Ann Galbally, Hemisphere, 'Arthur Streeton', pg. 18-24, Sydney, Mar 1971, 23 (colour illus.).
Anne Galbally, Arthur Streeton, 'Chelsea, 1898-1908', pg. 34-55, Melbourne, 1969, 18, 43 (colour illus.). plate no. 18
James Gleeson, Impressionist painters 1881-1930, 'Arthur Streeton (1867-1943)', pg. 103-104, St Kilda, 1971, 49 (colour illus), 103, 104. plate no. 63
James Gleeson, Masterpieces of Australian painting, 'Arthur Streeton', pg. 74-77, Melbourne, 1969, 76, 77 (colour illus.). plate no. 23
Ursula Hoff, Art and Australia, 'Arthur Streeton at Coogee', pg. 386-389, Sydney, Jun 1967, 389.
Robert Hughes, The art of Australia, 'The Heidelberg school 1885-96', pg. 53-73, Melbourne, 1970, 12, 63 (illus.). plate no. 20
Bruce James, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Australian collection: painting and sculpture', pg. 102-181, Sydney, 1999, 116 (colour illus.).
Sandra Jane, Art is ... making, creating and appreciating 2, Milton, 1999, 221 (colour illus.).
Elizabeth Johns, Andrew Sayers, Elizabeth Kornhauser, Amy Ellis, Patrick McCaughey, Peter Sutton and Brian Kennedy, New Worlds From Old, 'The figure defines the landscape', pg. 201-224, Parkes, 1997, 212 (colour illus.). cat.no. 113
Heather Johnson, Australian art collector, 'Private pleasure, public gain: the influence of private collections', pg. 58-61, Ultimo, Apr 1998-Jun 1998, 60.
Anne Kern, Arthur Streeton the man and his art, 'Sydney early 1890s', pg. 21-24, Leichhardt, 1981, 21, 22 (colour illus.). plate no. 5A
Pat Kreuiter, Look, 'Learning to look at art: introducing and inspiring art lovers of the future', pg. 12-13, Sydney, Oct 2008, 12 (colour illus.). NOTE: Group of school children in front of painting.
Brian Ladd, The Artist & the City, 'Introduction', pg. 4-5, Sydney, 1983, 4.
Lionel Lindsay, Streeton memorial exhibition souvenir catalogue, Sydney, 1945. cat.no. 22
Lionel Lindsay and Robert Campbell, Australia paintings by Arthur Streeton and Arthur Boyd: the XXIX Biennale Venice 1958, Australia, 1958. cat.no. 4
Patrick McCaughey and Jack Manton, Australian painters of the heidelberg school, Melbourne, 1979, 30, 62.
Alan McCulloch, The golden age of Australian painting - Impressionism and the Heidelberg school, 'Streton, Arthur Ernest (1867-1943)', pg. 174-187, Melbourne, 1969, 71 (colour illus.), 176. plate no. 35
Ewen McDonald, AGNSW Collections, 'From Colonialism to late Modernism', pg. 7-106, Sydney, 1994, 15 (colour illus.).
John McDonald, Art of Australia. Vol 1: Exploration to Federation, ‘Individual and national feeling’, pg. 545-610, Sydney, 2008, 576, 577, 579 (colour illus.).
Paul McGillick., The Australian financial review, 'The best of Streeton', Sydney, 08 Nov 1996, 21 (illus.), 32.
William Moore, The Courier Mail, 'Art and artists', pg. 24, Brisbane, 09 Jun 1928.
William Moore, The story of Australian art from the earliest known art of the continent to the art of today (Vol. 1), 'Australian school of landscape painters', pg. 84-121, Sydney, 1934, 96.
Margaret Olley and Jeffrey Smart, Favourites: Margaret Olley and Jeffrey Smart selections, Sydney, 2002. NOTE: no catalogue numbers; Jeffrey Smart selection.
John Olsen, Art and Australia [series 3, vol. 1, no. 3], 'Sir Arthur Streeton', pg. 161-165, Sydney, Nov 1963, 161, 163 (illus.).
Barry Pearce and Haruo Arikawa, Two hundred years of Australian painting: nature, people and art in the southern continent, 'Section 2: Australian Impressionism', pg. 69-132, Tokyo, 1992, 99 (colour illus.). cat.no. 54
Barry Pearce, A century of Australian landscape: mood and moment, Sydney, 1983, 14, 39 (colour illus.). cat.no. 21
Barry Pearce, Look, 'A quiet love affair: private passion over 33 years gives birth to a book', pg. 26-29, Sydney, Sep 2014, 26. extract
Bary Pearce, Art and Australia (Vol. 23, No. 4), 'Fire's on: some thoughts on a national icon', pg. 527-530, Sydney, Winter 1986, 528.
Henry Richardson, The Fortunes of Richard Mahony, Ringwood, 1998, cover (colour illus.).
Michael Rosenthal, Art Monthly Australia (no.200), 'Impressions of Australia', pg. 21-27, Canberra, Jun 2007, 24. Review of 'Australian Impressionism' exhibition held at the National Gallery of Victoria [Ian Potter Centre]
Malcolm Schmidtke (Editor), The Australian, 'You haven't seen Australia until you've seen Arthur Streeton', Sydney, 09 Oct 1996, (cover illus.).
G.F.H. Schuler (Editor), Age, Melbourne, 01 Feb 1922, 10.
Wendy Sheather, Sunday telegraph, 'Enjoy a brush with Streeton', pg. 138, Sydney, 13 Oct 1996, 138 (illus.).
Bernard Smith, Australian painting 1788-1990, 'Genesis 1885-1914', pg. 71-124, South Melbourne, 1991, 83, 84 (illus.). plate no. 56
Bernard William Smith, Australian painting 1788-1970, South Melbourne, 1971, 83 (illus.). plate no. 56
Geoffrey Smith, Arthur Streeton, 1867-1943, ''The centre of the Empire' Overseas 1897-1920', pg. 131-160, South Yarra, 1995, 96, 97 (colour illus.). cat.no. 39
Terry Smith, Transformations in Australian art: The nineteenth century - landscape, colony and nation [Volume One], 'Landscape with feeling: Golden summers and modern life', pg. 107-123, St Leonards, 2002, 117.
William Splatt and Susan Bruce, Australian impressionist painters: a pictorial history of the Heidelberg school, Windsor, 1981, 74 (illus.). cat.no. 40
William Splatt and Barbara Burton, 100 masterpieces of Australian painting, Adelaide, 1973, 72, 73 (colour illus.). plate no. 33
Arthur Streeton, The Arthur Streeton catalogue, Melbourne, 1935, 116. cat.no. 110
Martin Terry, Art and Australia (Vol. 21, No. 4), 'Conrad Martens and the zig zag', pg. 503, Sydney, Winter 1984, 503.
David Thomas, Deutscher and Hackett fine art auction: Sydney 28 August 2013, 'Arthur Streeton', pg. 74-75, Melbourne, Aug 2013, 74.
Laurie Thomas (Editor), Jubilee exhibition of Australian art, Sydney, 1951, 41. cat.no. 117; titled 'Old Redfern Station'
Clive Turnbull, Jean Campbell and Daniel Thomas, Australian painting: colonial, impressionist, contemporary, Adelaide, 1962, 40. cat.no. 55; titled 'Redfern railway station'
Sydney Ure Smith, Bertram Stevens and Charles Lloyd Jones (Editors), The art of Arthur Streeton, Sydney, 1919, (colour illus.). plate no. V; titled 'Redfern railway Station'.
Susan Venn, Roy and Matilda - The Golden Locket, Canterbury, 1994, colour illus..
Russel Ward and Graeme Inson, The glorious years of Australia fair from the birth of the Bulletin to Versailles, Milton, 1971, 13 (illus.).
Christopher Wray, Arthur Streeton: painter of light, 'City of laughing loveliness', pg. 72-84, Milton, 1993, 73.
Editor Unknown (Editor), Sydney mail and New South Wales advertiser, Sydney, 09 Sep 1893, 544.
Editor Unknown (Editor), The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, 01 Sep 1893, 6.
Editor Unknown (Editor), The Home : an Australian quarterly, Sydney, Dec 1932, 28.
Editor Unknown (Editor), The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, 01 Feb 1922, 10.
The Adelaide Festival of Arts 1962: Special exhibitions at the National Gallery of South Australia, 'Australian painting: colonial, impressionist, contemporary', Adelaide, 1962. not paginated; cat.no. 62; titled 'Redfern railway station'
Editor Unknown (Editor), Sun (Melbourne), Melbourne, 11 Dec 1896, 14.