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Collection

An image of Shakyamuni and Maitreya by
Alternate image of Shakyamuni and Maitreya by Alternate image of Shakyamuni and Maitreya by

Ancient Gandhara, Pakistan

Title
Shakyamuni and Maitreya
Place of origin
Ancient GandharaPakistan
Period
Kushan period mid 1st century - early 5th century → India
Year
2nd century-3rd century
Media category
Sculpture
Materials used
grey schist
Dimensions

51.0 x 17.0 x 15.0 cm

Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Credit
Purchased 2003
Accession number
358.2003
Location
Not on display
Further information

The Gandharan school of Buddhist sculpture was one of the very first that articulated the sculptural image of the Buddha, and hence it is important in a consideration of Buddhist sculpture, as well as Buddhism. This double-sided sculpture features the historical Buddha Shakyamuni on one side and the Future Buddha Maitreya on the other. Shakyamuni can be identified by the 'cranial bump' or 'ushnisha', the elongated earlobes and the rippling monk's robe which covers both shoulders. Maitreya, by contrast, wears the garb of royalty and is depicted as a 'bodhisattva' (a compassionate being who has deferred his or her own Enlightenment in order to help others), with a moustache, distinctive looped hairdo, elegant robes, jewellery and sandals. He carries a waterpot which is a distinguishing attribute of his deity. A two sided sculpture like this, originally probably part of a pillar or similar supporting structure is rare. No other examples are known.

Asian Art Department, AGNSW, October 2003.