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Title

Wörrumbi (shoulder shield)

early 20th century-mid 20th century


Artists

Unknown Artist


About

Prior to the arrival of Europeans, warfare between Mendi tribes and clans was rife. Wooden fighting shields were commonly carried in mass battles, where fighters decorated their bodies with oil, paint, feathers and leaves. The 'wörrumbi' was carried by bowmen in open lines of combat. Carved from a solid piece of hardwood, and slung from the shoulder by a strap threaded through the centre of the shield, the 'wörrumbi' was very effective against bone-tipped arrows and spears.

'Wörrumbi' shields are noted for their distinctive ridge or 'mesha' (spine), not present in this example. The 'mesha' forms a central axis for pecked, incised and painted forms that symmetrically cover the surface. The designs are believed to represent anthropomorphic figures and they are typically coloured with red ochre and white mineral pigment traded in from the west. This shield also has two small holes at the top to which bird plumes were secured.

Australian anthropologist D'Arcy Ryan, who first undertook research in the Mendi region in 1954, noted that most 'Wörrumbi' shields are covered with incised scoring that are generally coloured red and might indicate skin and body hair. The inverted crescent shape seen at the top of this shield represents a gold-lipped pearlshell, one of the most important forms of weath amoung the Mendi.


Details


Other Title

Shield with human figure and kina shell motif


Cultural origin

Mendi people


Date

early 20th century-mid 20th century


Media category

Arms & armour


Materials used

wood, rattan cane, vine handle, red-orange ochre, black and white pigments


Dimensions

131.2 x 37.0 x 3.0 cm


Credit

Purchased 1977


Location

Not on display


Accession number

264.1977



Shown in 2 exhibitions

Exhibition history


Referenced in 2 publications

Bibliography


Ian North (Editor), Special exhibitions at the Art Gallery of South Australia: Seventh Adelaide Festival of Arts 1972, Adelaide, 1972. cat.no. 102; titled 'Shield'

Tony Tuckson, Aboriginal and Melanesian art, Sydney, 1973, 30 (illus.), 50. cat.no. H24; titled 'Shield'