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An image of Spearing the kangaroo by Tommy McRae

Tommy McRae

(Australia circa 1836 – 13 Oct 1901)

Language group
Kwat Kwat, South-east region
Spearing the kangaroo
(circa 1880s-circa 1890s)
Media category
Materials used
pen and brown ink on buff paper

23.9 x 35.0 cm sheet

Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Purchased 2004
Accession number
Not on display
Further information

Tommy McRae lived with his family in the upper Murray region of New South Wales/Victoria, on a reserve at Lake Moodemere near Mahgunhah and Corowa. He began drawing late in his life, and his drawings, made using readily available commercial ink, pens and sketchbooks, depict aspects of traditional Aboriginal life, the impact of British colonialism and the incursion of Europeans and Chinese onto traditional Aboriginal land. At the time, his drawings became popular for their novelty among non-Aboriginal audiences for their depictions of an exotic culture and parallels with contemporary European sporting and ethnographic pictures.

This drawing is from a group acquired from the artist from Walter George McMahon, a custom's officer from Albury. It remained with his family until auctioned in 2004. The trees are recognizably from the artist's region. It has marked similarities to another drawing by Tommy McRae, 'Hunting goanna', from a sketchbook in the National Museum of Australia, Canberra. The hunting technique depicted in the drawing was described by a settler in the region, William Locke as:

'The kangaroo and emu were speared – the hunter stealing on his game against the wind, under cover of a bush held in his left hand, the Womerah and spear being grasped in the right. When the black had crept up to within spearing distance, the bush was suddely thrown aside, and before the astonished animal or bird could escape, it was transfixed by a spear.'
(William Locke, "Notes on the language and customs of the tribe inhabiting the country known as Kotoopna" from Andrew Sayers 'Aboriginal artists of the nineteenth century', Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1994, pg. 36)

excerpt from Hendrik Kolenberg, Anne Ryan and Patricia James, '19th century Australian watercolours, drawings & pastels in the Gallery's collection', Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2005

Bibliography (5)

Jonathan Jones and Sherman Contemporary Art Foundation, Jonathan Jones: the tyranny of distance, 'Jonathan Jones in conversation with Hetti Perkins', pg. 12-19, Paddington, 2008, 17 (colour illus.).

Hendrik Kolenberg, 19th century Australian watercolours, drawing and pastels from the Gallery's collection, 'Introduction', pg. 6-16, Sydney, 2005, 10, 68, 69 (colour illus.).

Hendrik Kolenberg, Look, 'Australian images from the past: whether rarely seen or familiar, these works move and delight us', pg. 24-27, Newtown, Apr 2005, 27 (colour illus.).

Cara Pinchbeck, Look, ‘Home: focus on the new Yiribana hang’, pg. 30-31, Newtown, Oct 2012, 30 (colour illus.).

Ken Watson, One sun one moon: Aboriginal art in Australia, 'Poetic justice: An overview of Indigenous art', pg. 17-27, Sydney, 2007, 16 (colour illus.), 17.

Exhibition history (4)

19th century Australian watercolours, drawings & pastels, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 06 Apr 2005–24 Jul 2005

One sun, one moon, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 03 Jul 2007–02 Dec 2007

Country Culture Community (2008-09), Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 12 Nov 2008–19 Apr 2009

Home: Aboriginal Art from NSW, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 09 Jun 2012–02 Dec 2012