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An image of Cymon and Iphigenia by Lord Frederic Leighton

Lord Frederic Leighton

(England 03 Dec 1830 – 25 Jan 1896)

Cymon and Iphigenia
Media category
Materials used
oil on canvas

163.0 x 328.0 cm sight; 218.4 x 390.0 x 15.5 cm frame

Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Purchased 1976
Accession number
19th c European art
Further information

Not only president of the Royal Academy but a Peer of the Realm, Frederick Leighton occupied a uniquely privileged place in the artistic and social establishment of Victorian England. The first of many major paintings he exhibited at the Academy was purchased by Queen Victoria herself - an unbeatable beginning to a lifetime of official reward and international recognition. Leighton's taste, like that of his audience, was for ceremonial arrangements of beautifully draped figures in classical surroundings. The contemporary realities of industrial England made no appearance in his work, which is unashamedly nostalgic and idealising.The languorous splendour of 'Cymon and Iphigenia' - the tale of a raw youth brought to moral excellence by the revelation of feminine beauty - perfectly expresses the technical finesse and intense eroticism of Leighton's style. Iphigenia's extraordinary undulations betray a sensuous sensibility quite as much as the artist's obligatory scrutiny of classical statuary. The direct source of the narrative is Boccaccio's 'Decameron', in which the well-born and handsome young Galesus was renamed Cymon - meaning beast - on account of his brutishness. On a mild afternoon in May, Cymon chanced upon the sleeping Iphigenia, sensing at once that she was 'the loveliest object that any mortal being had ever seen'. Falling instantly in love, he became a lifelong devotee of beauty and philosophy.

AGNSW Handbook, 1999.

Provenance (9)

Fine Art Society PLC, 1884, London/England

Sir W.E. Cuthbert Quilter, pre 09 Jul 1909, Sussex/England, his sale Christie's London, 9 July 1909, 'The collection of Pictures & Drawings of Sir W. Cuthbert Quilter, Bart' lot no. 65

H Smith, post 09 Jul 1909, Purchased from Quilter sale, Christie's London, 9 July 1909, lot 65

Leopold Albu, pre 15 Jul 1938, London/England, sold after his death, Christie's London 15 July 1938, lot 42

Mitchell, post 15 Jul 1938, Purchased from Albu sale, Christie's London, 15 July 1938, lot 42

John Avery, pre 13 Mar 1969, dates unknown

Maas Gallery, London, post 13 Mar 1969, England, Purchased from Knight, Frank & Rutley, 13 March 1969, lot 225

Pamela Cavendish, pre 13 Feb 1976, sold Christie's London, 13 February 1976, lot 45

Christie's London, 13 Feb 1976, London/England, Purchased by the AGNSW from Christie's London, 13 February 1976, lot 45

Bibliography (26)

Mrs R Barrington, Leighton, 1906, 258.

Edmund Capon and Jan Meek (Editors), Portrait of a gallery, 'European art in the old courts', pg. 14-23, Sydney, 1984, 16 (colour illus.).

Christie's London, The collection of Pictures & Drawings of Sir W. Cuthbert Quilter, Bart, London, 09 Jul 1909, 19. 65

Patricia Crawford, History and legend in some selected paintings at the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 1980, 5 (illus.).

Fine Art Society PLC, Cymon and Iphigenia painted by F. Leighton: The Story of the picture, London, 1884, (illus.).

Renée Free, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'European', pg. 36-56, Sydney, 1988, 42-43 (colour illus.).

Renée Free, Art Gallery of New South Wales catalogue of British paintings, Sydney, 1987, 109 (illus.), 110.

Renée Free, Recent Acquisitions. The Art Gallery of New South Wales today.

Renee Free, Art and Australia (Vol. 22, No. 1), 'European Acquisitions: 1972-83', pg. 63-67, Sydney, Spring 1984, 63, 65 (colour illus.).

Renee Free, Catalogue of acquisitions 1976, "Cymon and Iphigenia: 'Renaissance and renaissnaces'", pg. 8--12, Sydney, 1976, 9 (illus.), 11, 12.

Renée Free, The Art Gallery of New South Wales collections, 'The Western Heritage, Renaissance to Twentieth Century', pg. 108-172, Sydney, 1994, 135 (colour illus.).

Renée Free and Rose Peel, Dreams and realities: Victorian works on paper, Sydney, 1993, 2.

Luke Herrmann, Nineteenth Century British Painting, Part eight: 'The revival of the classical' George Frederic Watts, OM, RA (1817-1904) and Frederick, Lord Leighton, PRA (1830-96), pg. 313-326, London, 2000, 323 (illus.). plate 201

Bruce James, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Western Collection: Paintings and Sculpture', pg. 17-77, Sydney, 1999, 44 (colour illus.).

Stephen Jones, Christopher Newall, Leonée Ormond, Richard J. Ormond and Benedict Read, Frederic Leighton, New York, Feb 1996, 199 (colour illus.). 89, plate no. 89

Anne Kirker and Peter Tomory, British painting 1800-1990 in Australian and New Zealand public collections, Sydney, 1997, 122 (illus.). 1326

Alison Ledes (Editor), Frederick Lord Leighton, New York, 1996.

Clem Lloyd and Peter Sekuless, Australia's national collections, North Ryde, 1980, 255 (colour illus.).

Leonée Ormond and Richard J. Ormond, Lord Leighton, United States of America, 1975, (colour illus.). 313, plate no. VII

E. Staley, Leighton, London, 1906, 126-127.

F.G. Stephens, Magazine of Art, 'The collection of Mr W. Cuthbert Quilter, M.P.', pg.126-128, London, 1897, 126 (illus.), 127, 128.

Hiroyuki Tanita, F. Lord Leighton, Tokyo, 1995, 62, 63 (colour illus.).

Angus Trumble (Curator), Love and death: art in the age of Queen Victoria, Adelaide, 2001-2002, 98, 99 (colour illus.).

Christopher Wood, Olympian Dreamers, London, 1983, 70, 75, 76 (illus.). fig. 23

Christopher Wood, Victorian Painting, 'Leighton and the classical revival', pg.176-193, London, 1999, 184 (illus.), 189, 192. plate no. 225

Author Unknown, Sleeping Beauty, Tokyo.

Exhibition history (5)

Royal Academy of Arts, 1884, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1884–1884

Unknown, Berlin, Dresden, Vienna 1885, Exhibition Venue Unknown, 1885–1885

Unknown, Guildhall 1897, Mansion House, 1897–1897

Royal Academy of Arts winter exhibition, 1897, Royal Academy of Arts, London, Winter 1897–Winter 1897

Frederic, Lord Leighton, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 15 Feb 1996–21 Apr 1996