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Collection

An image of Cymon and Iphigenia by Lord Frederic Leighton

Lord Frederic Leighton

(England 03 Dec 1830 – 25 Jan 1896)

Title
Cymon and Iphigenia
Year
1884
Media category
Painting
Materials used
oil on canvas
Dimensions

163.0 x 328.0 cm sight; 218.4 x 390.0 x 15.5 cm frame

Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Credit
Purchased 1976
Accession number
210.1976
Location
19th c European art
Further information

Not only president of the Royal Academy but a Peer of the Realm, Frederick Leighton occupied a uniquely privileged place in the artistic and social establishment of Victorian England. The first of many major paintings he exhibited at the Academy was purchased by Queen Victoria herself - an unbeatable beginning to a lifetime of official reward and international recognition. Leighton's taste, like that of his audience, was for ceremonial arrangements of beautifully draped figures in classical surroundings. The contemporary realities of industrial England made no appearance in his work, which is unashamedly nostalgic and idealising.The languorous splendour of 'Cymon and Iphigenia' - the tale of a raw youth brought to moral excellence by the revelation of feminine beauty - perfectly expresses the technical finesse and intense eroticism of Leighton's style. Iphigenia's extraordinary undulations betray a sensuous sensibility quite as much as the artist's obligatory scrutiny of classical statuary. The direct source of the narrative is Boccaccio's 'Decameron', in which the well-born and handsome young Galesus was renamed Cymon - meaning beast - on account of his brutishness. On a mild afternoon in May, Cymon chanced upon the sleeping Iphigenia, sensing at once that she was 'the loveliest object that any mortal being had ever seen'. Falling instantly in love, he became a lifelong devotee of beauty and philosophy.

AGNSW Handbook, 1999.

Provenance (9)

Fine Art Society PLC, 1884, London/England

Sir W.E. Cuthbert Quilter, pre 09 Jul 1909, Sussex/England, his sale Christie's London, 9 July 1909, 'The collection of Pictures & Drawings of Sir W. Cuthbert Quilter, Bart' lot no. 65

H Smith, post 09 Jul 1909, Purchased from Quilter sale, Christie's London, 9 July 1909, lot 65

Leopold Albu, pre 15 Jul 1938, London/England, sold after his death, Christie's London 15 July 1938, lot 42

Mitchell, post 15 Jul 1938, Purchased from Albu sale, Christie's London, 15 July 1938, lot 42

John Avery, pre 13 Mar 1969, dates unknown

Maas Gallery, London, post 13 Mar 1969, England, Purchased from Knight, Frank & Rutley, 13 March 1969, lot 225

Pamela Cavendish, pre 13 Feb 1976, sold Christie's London, 13 February 1976, lot 45

Christie's London, 13 Feb 1976, London/England, Purchased by the AGNSW from Christie's London, 13 February 1976, lot 45

Bibliography (75)

Russell Ash, Lord Leighton, London, 1995, np, col illus pl 27.

Mrs R Barrington, Leighton, London, 1906, vol 1, p 25, vol 2, pp 258 note, 259, 389. Study illus vol 2, after p 256.

Emmanuel Bénézit, Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs, Paris, 1999, vol 8, pp 463–64.

Richard Beresford, Pre-Raphaelites and Olympians, selected works of Victorian art from the John and Julie Schaeffer and the Art Gallery of New South Wales collections, Sydney, 2001, pp 5, 41, col illus p 41.

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Christie's London, Catalogue of the highly important collection of ancient and modern pictures and water colour drawings of Sir W Cuthbert Quilter Bart who has disposed of his house and picture gallery, 74 South Audley Street, London, 09 Jul 1909, p 19, no 65, illus opp p 19.

Alison Corkran, Frederic Leighton, London, 1904, pp 81, 89–90, 183–84, 196. Study illus opp p 90.

Patricia Crawford, History and legend in some selected paintings at the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 1980, p 5, illus p 5.

Fine Art Society PLC, Cymon and Iphigenia painted by F. Leighton: the story of the picture, London, 1884.

Renée Free, Art and Australia, 'European Acquisitions: 1972-83', Sydney, Spring 1984, pp 63–67: p 63, col illus p 65.

Renée Free, Art Gallery of New South Wales catalogue of British paintings, Sydney, 1987, pp 109–10, illus p 109.

Renée Free, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'European', Sydney, 1988, p 42, col illus pp 42–43.

Renée Free and Rose Peel, Dreams and realities: Victorian works on paper, Sydney, 1993, p 2.

Renée Free, The Art Gallery of New South Wales collections, 'The Western Heritage, Renaissance to Twentieth Century', Sydney, 1994, p 135, col illus p 135.

Renee Free, Catalogue of acquisitions 1976, 'Cymon and Iphigenia: "Renaissance and renaissnaces"', Sydney, 1976, pp 8–12, illus p 9.

Algernon Graves, The Royal Academy of Arts: a complete dictionary of contributors and their work from its foundation in 1769 to 1904, London, 1906, p 32.

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Stephen Jones, Christopher Newall, Leonée Ormond, Richard J. Ormond and Benedict Read, Frederic, Lord Leighton: eminent Victorian artist, London, 1996, pp 199–200, no 89, p 202, col illus pl 89.

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Felice Mehlman, Antique collector, 'Victorian sentimentality', London, May 1978, p 57. Illustrates preparatory drawing.

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Ernest Rhys, Frederic Lord Leighton, late President of the Royal Academy of Arts: an illustrated record of his life and his work, London, 1898, pp 32, 34, 51, 89, illus opp p 50 (photgravure).

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Author Unknown, Sleeping Beauty, Tokyo.

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Second autumn exhibition, Manchester, 1884, p 30, no 391.

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Drawings and studies in pencil, chalk & other mediums by the late Lord Leighton of Stretton, PRA, London, 1898, under captions to pls XXVI and XXVII.

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Art Gallery of New South Wales annual report 1991, Sydney, 1991, p 24.

Art Gallery of New South Wales annual report 1996, Sydney, 1996, p 59.

Victorian pictures, drawings and watercolours, London, 07 Jun 1996, p 48, under no 564. No 564 is chalk study for Iphigenia.

Exhibition history (5)

Royal Academy of Arts, 1884, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1884–1884

Unknown, Berlin, Dresden, Vienna 1885, Exhibition Venue Unknown, 1885–1885

Unknown, Guildhall 1897, Mansion House, 1897–1897

Royal Academy of Arts winter exhibition, 1897, Royal Academy of Arts, London, Winter 1897–Winter 1897

Frederic, Lord Leighton, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 15 Feb 1996–21 Apr 1996

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