Zhu Ruzhen was a native of Qingyuan, Guangdong Province. Born into a poor family, his father died when he was young. In 1904 he passed the metropolitan examination to receive his 'jinshi' degree, taking second place. As a compiler of the Hanlin Academy, he was chosen to study law in Japan in 1905. Upon his graduation and return to China, he became a professor at the Law School in Beijing. He resettled in Hong Kong after China became a republic, and taught at Hong Kong University. His calligraphy was based on the 'guan’ge ti' (a style based on regular script but well-knit), required for the imperial civil service examination.
Asian Art Department, AGNSW, April 2009.