(New Zealand, Australia 1878–1953)
37.1 x 27.7cm image/sheet
An English reviewer wrote of the photographs Cazneaux was commissioned to make for the BHP company in 1934: ‘I heartily disagree with his excursions into industrial subjects … whatever value these records of steel-making and the like may have for commercial purposes, their interest is as records and not as pictures … Mr Cazneaux does not approach them from a pictorial angle.’1 It is difficult today to understand the nature of this criticism, as ‘Steam and sunshine, Newcastle BHP’ sits clearly within the pictorialist tradition. Perhaps at the time Cazneaux’s contrasts were thought too sharp and his strong geometric composition too consciously modern. Certainly, a younger generation of ‘modernist’ photographers during the 1930s were looking to industrial subjects for inspiration. Max Dupain, a leader of this group, began his studies of Pyrmont silos in 1932. Industrial subjects, however, were not new to Cazneaux. He had taken images of commerce on Darling Harbour and in the Pyrmont Marshalling Yards as early as 1909–10 and even during the 1920s he was using angles and compositional devices which foreshadowed a more modernist style. In many ways, Cazneaux’s BHP photographs reveal his ability and willingness to work across stylistic boundaries. Here he blends pictorialist focus with a modernist sense of space, form and geometry, in much the same way American photographer Edward Weston did.
1. Dudley Johnston J 1936, ‘London news and doings’, ‘Australasian Photo-Review’, 2 Nov p 536
© Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007
Natasha Bullock (Australia) (Author), Harold Cazneaux: artist in photography, 2008.
Look Jun 2008, Jun 2008, 30 (illus.).
7079 (Editor), Photography: Art Gallery of New South Wales Collection, 2007, 88 (illus.).
Gael Newton (Australia) (Author), Silver and Grey - Fifty Years of Australian Photography 1900-1950, 1980. plate no. 50
Anne-Marie Willis (Australia) (Author), Picturing Australia - A History of Photography, Sydney, 1988, 177. fig.no. 111
Gael Newton (Australia), Australian Pictorial Photography, Melbourne, 1979, 8, 17. cat.no. 28
Australian Pictorial Photography, S.H. Ervin Gallery, 12 Jun 1979–08 Jul 1979.
Australian Pictorial Photography, The Victorian College of the Arts Gallery, 08 Aug 1979–31 Aug 1979.
Australian Pictorial Photography, Art Gallery of South Australia, 01 Dec 1979–30 Jan 1980.
Harold Cazneaux, Art Gallery of New South Wales, 22 Dec 1989–11 Mar 1990.
Harold Cazneaux: artist in photography, Art Gallery of New South Wales, 05 Jun 2008–10 Aug 2008.