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Rank badge with crane insignia

18th century


Unknown Artist


This is a rare example of an 18th century crane badge. The white satin stitch embroidery on the body of the crane has almost disappeared, which is not unusual in examples of embroidery from Viet Nam where degradation of fibres has occurred due to harmful dye-stuff. The intended design outline of the bird is visible, this is very much in the classic Chinese form, presumably the embroiderer would have added her own stitch interpretations to the pattern. Pomegranate and narcissus are sprouting from the waves on the right and left and two representations of coral are on either side of the rock formation. The design at the top of the badge is quite different from the later badges with an unusual key fret design framing the symbolic images of peaches (longevity) and bats (happiness). The unusual border is composed of three staggered rows of gold-wrapped thread couching which form a brickwork pattern. An illustration of a similar badge can be found in 'Journal of an Embassy to the Courts of Siam and Cochin China' published in 1928 by John Crawfurd. It shows the bird dominating the space which facilitates the easy identification of rank.

Judith Rutherford, 'Annamese Insignia: Rank Badges from Vietnam', Arts of Asia, October 2006


Place where the work was made

Viet Nam

Cultural origin



18th century

Media category


Materials used

embroidered silk


24.0 x 23.5 cm


Gift of Judith and Ken Rutherford 2005


Not on display

Accession number



Where the work was made
Viet Nam

Referenced in 3 publications


Schuyler Cammann, Harvard Journal of Asian Studies [vol 8], 'The Development of the Mandarin Square', pg 118-120, United States of America, 1944, 118-120.

Schuyler V.R Cammann., Arts of Asia, 'Other Mandarin Squares: Korean, Annamese and Unfamiliar Examples', Hong Kong, Mar 1992-Apr 1992.

Judith Rutherford., Arts of Asia, 'Annamese Insigna: Rank Badges from Vietnam', Hong Kong, Sep 2006-Oct 2006, 123 (colour illus.).