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Asian art

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(Landscape with pine and rocks)

17th century


Cheng Sui


1605 - 1691


Cheng Sui, alias Muqian, was a native of Shexian, Anhui province. Like many traditional literati artists, Cheng mastered painting, writing and poetry, as well as seal carving. But above all, he was considered a man of great moral integrity.

Cheng Sui belonged to a group of loyalist-literati known as 'yimin' or 'left-over people', who refused to transfer their political allegiance from the native Ming to the alien Qing. His dissent was expressed in the literary name he took for himself - 'Goudaoren' (dusty or grim monk) - thus indicating his regret and pain at being unable to stop the foreign conqueror. The effect of dynastical change on Cheng Sui and his painting style is reflected in these albums, painted in 1668, some two decades after the decline of the Ming dynasty. The choice of subject matter is not new: we see simple huts standing by shores, secluded temples concealed in mountains, an isolated boat with a man drifting between river and sky, and a lonely scholar strolling alone along the streamside. However, one can immediately sense the certain plainness, a melancholy and often bleak and lonely feeling. All these sentiments were reinforced by his characteristic dry and bold brush outlines, added by small dots of dry dark ink. Inscriptions were also brushed with very dry ink, echoing the brush works of the landscape.

Excerpt fromThe Asian Collections, AGNSW, 2003, pg.148.


Place where the work was made



17th century

Media category


Materials used

album leaf; ink on paper


26.3 x 34.0 cm approx.


Gift of Mr Sydney Cooper 1962


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Cheng Sui

Works in the collection



Where the work was made

Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history

  • Glorious, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 27 May 2017–06 Jan 2019

Referenced in 1 publication


Jackie Menzies (Editor), The Asian Collections Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Landscape Painting', Sydney, 2003, 148.