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Shōjō at sake jar (Poem and illustration)

17th century


Hinaya Ryūho


1594 – 1669

  • Details

    Other Title
    Poem and Illustration
    Place where the work was made
    Edo (Tokugawa) period 1615 - 1868 → Japan
    17th century
    Media categories
    Scroll , Calligraphy
    Materials used
    hanging scroll; ink on paper
    28.0 x 52.0 cm image; 109.0 x 53.7 x 59.4 cm scroll
    Signature & date

    Signed l.l., in Japanese [inscribed in ink] "Ryûho [artist's seal]". Not dated.

    Gift of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, through Professor Toru Mori 1963
    Not on display
    Accession number

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Hinaya Ryūho

    Works in the collection


  • About

    The poem reads: Inexhaustible is / The water of chrysanthemums / From the heavenly Chrysanthemum River.
    It praises sake (Japanese rice wine) as a drink of immortality by likening it to the chrysanthemum dews, by drinking which Kikujidô [Chrysanthemum boy], a legendary figure, obtained eternal youth. Shôjô is also a mythical creature that loves sake and is synonymous with a heavy drinker. There is a nô play called Shôjô, in which the creature becomes drunk and begins to dance.

    Legend has it that Kikujidô was a servant boy to the emperor Mu of the Zhou dynasty. He was sent in exile to Li County of Nanyang Prefecture [present day Henan Province] where he became immortal by drinking the water of the Chrysanthemum River. It was believed that the river water contained the dew from chrysanthemums growing along its upper stream and very sweet, and that one who drank it gained a long life.

  • Places

    Where the work was made


  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 1 exhibition

    • Art of the brush, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 23 Sep 1995–12 Nov 1995

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 1 publication

  • Provenance

    Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, pre 1963, Tokyo/Japan, donated by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Art Gallery of New South Wales 1963.